ACE Inhibitor

ACE Inhibitor

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are a group of drugs to treat high blood pressure ( hypertension ) . It is also used to treat heart failure and kidney damage from diabetes or hypertension.

ACE inhibitors work by blocking an enzyme needed to produce the hormone angiotensin II. This hormone can constrict blood vessels and increase blood pressure, making the heart work harder.

Reduction of the hormone angiotensin II by ACE inhibitors will lower blood pressure and ease the work of the heart. This drug can also help prevent or treat kidney damage by reducing pressure in the kidney's blood vessels.

ACE inhibitors are also sometimes used to treat other conditions, such as coronary heart disease , heart attacks, scleroderma , and migraines .

Precautions Before Using ACE I Inhibitors

ACE inhibitors should only be used with a doctor 's prescription . Follow the doctor's recommendations and advice when undergoing treatment with ACE inhibitors . Before taking this drug, you need to pay attention to the following:

  • Do not use an ACE inhibitor if you are allergic to any of these drugs. Tell your doctor about any allergies you have.
  • Tell your doctor if you are already taking angiotensin II receptor blocker ( ARB ) hypertension drugs. These two drugs should not be used together.
  • Consult your doctor if you will take ACE inhibitors and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) together for a long time, because NSAIDs can reduce the effectiveness of ACE inhibitors .
  • Tell your doctor if you have a history of angioedema , especially if you have symptoms of difficulty breathing or severe abdominal pain.
  • Tell your doctor if you have low blood pressure (hypotension), gout , or are on regular dialysis .
  • Do not stop treatment suddenly without consulting your doctor first.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, may become pregnant, are planning a pregnancy, or are breastfeeding.
  • Use contraception to prevent pregnancy while taking ACE inhibitors . If you become pregnant while taking an ACE inhibitor , stop taking the drug immediately and consult a doctor.
  • Follow the control schedule prescribed by your doctor while taking ACE inhibitors , because regular blood tests may need to be done to monitor your condition.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking other blood pressure-lowering drugs or are taking other herbal medicines, vitamins, or supplements, to avoid drug interactions.
  • If you have an allergic reaction or overdose after taking an ACE inhibitor , see a doctor immediately.

Side Effects and Dangers of ACE Inhibitors

There are several side effects that could potentially arise from the use of ACE inhibitor drugs , including:

  • dry cough
  • Hypotension
  • Dizzy
  • Headache
  • Drowsiness
  • Weak
  • Loss of taste buds
  • The tongue tastes salty or has a metallic taste
  • Rash
  • Joint pain
  • More sensitive to sunlight

Check with your doctor if these side effects don't get better or get worse. See your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction or serious side effects, such as:

  • Kidney failure , which can be characterized by a decrease in the amount of urine or frequency of urination
  • Pancreatitis , which can be characterized by abdominal pain that radiates to the back
  • Hyperkalemia , which can be characterized by an irregular heartbeat, numbness in the hands and feet, or weakness in the legs
  • Liver disorders, which can be characterized by nausea, vomiting, jaundice, and dark urine
  • Angioedema, which can be characterized by swelling of the lips, eyelids, and tongue, and difficulty breathing

Type, Trademark, and Dosage of ACE Inhibitor

There are different types and brands of ACE inhibitors . The dose of ACE inhibitor will be determined by the doctor based on the type and form of the drug, as well as the age and condition of the patient. Here are the details:

1. Benazepril

Drug form: tablet

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the benazepril drug page .

2. Captopril

Drug form: tablet

Trademarks: Acepress, Acendril, Captopril, Dexacap, Etapril, Forten, Farmoten, Otoryl, Prix, Scantensin, Tensicap, Tensobon, and Vapril

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the captopril drug page.

3. Enalapril

Drug form: tablet

Trademarks: Tenazide, Tenace and Tenaten

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the enalapril drug page .

4. Fosinopril

Drug form: tablet

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the fosinopril drug page .

5. Lisinopril

Drug form: tablet

Trademarks: Interpril 5, Inhitril, Lapril, Lipril 5, Lisinopril Dihydrate, Nopril, Noperten, Odace, Tensinop, and Tensiphar

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the lisinopril drug page .

6. Perindopril

Drug form: tablet

Trademarks: Bioprexum, Bioprexum Plus, Coveram and Cadoril

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the perindopril drug page .

7. Ramipril

Drug form: tablet, caplet

Trademarks: Cardace, Emerten, Hyperil, Ramipril, Tenapril, Triatec and Vivace

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the ramipril drug page .

8. Trandolapril

Drug form: tablet

Trademark: Tarka

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the trandolapril drug page .

9. Quinapril

Drug form: tablet

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the quinapril drug page .

10. Moexipril

Drug form: tablet

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the moexipril drug page .

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