Acyclovir is a drug to treat herpes virus infections, including chicken pox, snake pox, or genital herpes. In addition, this drug can also be used to prevent the recurrence of herpes virus infection in people with weak immunity.
Acyclovir is an antiviral drug that works by inhibiting the formation of viral genetic material, thus interfering with its replication. That way, the body's immune system can work more optimally to overcome viral infections.
Keep in mind that this medicine cannot cure herpes virus infection. Acyclovir tablets are available in tablet form of 200 mg and 400 mg.
Brand names of acyclovir tablets: Acifar, Acyclovir, Clinovir, Zoter, Zovirax
What Is Acyclovir Tablets
Warnings Before Consuming Acyclovir Tablets
Before consuming this medicine, you need to pay attention to the following things:
- Do not take acyclovir tablets if you are allergic to this medicine or valaciclovir. Tell your doctor about any allergies you have.
- Tell your doctor if you are suffering from kidney disease , or a condition that can weaken the immune system, for example suffering from HIV/AIDS or just undergoing an organ transplant.
- Tell your doctor if you plan to get vaccinated during treatment with acyclovir tablets.
- If you have genital herpes, it is recommended not to have sex. Acyclovir tablets cannot prevent transmission.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant.
- Tell your doctor if you are undergoing treatment with supplements, herbal products, or other medicines.
- See a doctor immediately if an allergic drug reaction , serious side effect, or overdose occurs after consuming acyclovir tablets.
Dosage and Administration of Acy c lovir Tablet
Acyclovir tablets can only be used as recommended by a doctor. The following is the general dose of acyclovir tablets based on the patient's condition and age:
Condition: Genital herpes
- Adult :When first exposed, the dose is 200–400 mg, 5 times per day (every 4 hours), for 5–10 days. For the prevention of recurrence, the dose is 200–400 mg, 4 times per day (every 6 hours).
- Children aged <2 years : Half of the adult dose.
- Children aged ≥2 know n : Same as adult dose.
Condition: Cpickles snake ( herpes zoster )
- Adults and children aged ≥12 years : 800 mg, 5 times per day, for 7–10
Condition: Chicken pox
- Adults: 800 mg, 4–5 times per day, for 5–7 days
- Children aged ≥ 2 years: 20 mg/kgBW, 4 times per day for 5 days. The maximum daily dose is 800 mg.
How to Consume A cyclovir Tablet Correctly
Follow the doctor 's advice and read the information on the medicine package before consuming acyclovir tablets. Do not reduce or increase the dose without first consulting a doctor
Acyclovir tablets can be consumed before or after meals. Swallow the medicine whole with a glass of water. Make sure there is a sufficient and regular interval between one dose and the next.
Acyclovir tablets should be consumed as soon as possible after the appearance of herpes infection symptoms, such as burning or pain.
Do not stop using the medicine even if the infection has subsided and feels better, except on the advice of a doctor. The purpose is to avoid recurrence of infection.
It is recommended to drink plenty of fluids while using acyclovir tablets. This is done to avoid side effects.
While using this medicine, you may need to undergo routine kidney and liver function tests. Follow the examination schedule prescribed by the doctor for optimal treatment.
If you forget to take acyclovir tablet, it is recommended to use it immediately if the break with the next consumption schedule is not too close. If it's close, ignore it and don't double the dose.
Store acyclovir tablets in a dry place away from direct sunlight. Keep this medicine out of the reach of children.
Interactions of A cyclovir Tablet with Other Medicines
The following are some drug interactions that can occur when acyclovir tablets are used with other drugs:
- Increased levels of theophylline in the blood
- Increased risk of renal dysfunction if used with ciclosporin , tacrolimus, or bacitracin
- Increased risk of hypotension if used with tizanidine
- Increased levels of acyclovir in the blood if used with probenecid , cimetidine, or mycophenolate mofetil
Side Effects and Dangers of A cyclovir Tablet
Some of the side effects that can occur after consuming acyclovir are:
- Dizziness or drowsiness
- Nausea or vomiting
Consult a doctor if the above side effects do not subside immediately or become more severe. You need to see a doctor immediately if you experience a drug allergic reaction or more serious side effects, such as:
- Unusual fatigue
- Trembling or difficulty keeping balance
- Restless, disoriented, or hallucinating
- Easy bruising or unusual bleeding
- Fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat
- Loss of consciousness or seizures