Amphetamine

Amphetamine

Amphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.

Amphetamine works by increasing the activity of dopamine and noradrenaline in the brain. This way of working will ease the symptoms of narcolepsy and help ADHD sufferers to focus more on activities.

This drug is also sometimes used to control appetite and control body weight. It should be remembered that amphetamines cannot be used carelessly and must be in accordance with a doctor's prescription.

Amphetamine trademarks: -

What Are Amphetamines?

Group Prescription drugs
Category Nervous system stimulant
Benefits Relieves the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy
Used by Adults and Children.
Amphetamine for pregnant and lactating women Category C:  Studies on experimental animals show side effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies on pregnant women.

Medicines can only be used if the magnitude of the expected benefit exceeds the magnitude of the risk to the fetus.

Amphetamine can be absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without first consulting your doctor.

Drug form Tablets and suspensions

Warning Before Consuming Amphetamine

Amphetamine can only be used according to a doctor's prescription. Here are the things you need to pay attention to before consuming amphetamines:

  • Do not consume amphetamine if you are allergic to this drug. Tell your doctor about any allergies you have.
  • Do not consume  alcoholic beverages during treatment with amphetamines.
  • Tell your doctor if you are using monoamine oxidase inhibitors ( MAOI ) drugs, such as isocaboxazid, selegiline, or tranylcypromine , in the last 14 days. Amphetamine should not be given to patients who are or have recently consumed the drug.
  • Tell your doctor if you are suffering from  hypertension , hyperthyroidism, or a severe anxiety disorder . Amphetamines should not be given to patients with these conditions.
  • Tell your doctor if you are or have suffered from heart disease , glaucoma, stroke , depression, bipolar disorder , kidney disease, Tourette's syndrome , seizures, peripheral artery disease , alcohol addiction, epilepsy , NAPZA abuse .
  • Do not drive a vehicle or do activities that require alertness after consuming amphetamine, because this drug can cause dizziness, headache, and drowsiness .
  • Discuss the use of amphetamines in children, because long-term use of this drug can affect the child's growth and development.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant.
  • Tell your doctor if you are using other medicines, including supplements, or herbal products.
  • See a doctor immediately if you experience a drug allergic reaction , overdose, or serious side effects after consuming amphetamines.

Dosage and Administration of Amphetamine

The doctor will give the dose and determine the duration of treatment according to the condition and age of the patient. The following is the dose of amphetamine based on the condition being treated:

Condition: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD )

  • Adults: Initial dose of 2.5 or 5 mg, 1 time a day, in the morning. The maximum dose is not more than 20 mg per day.
  • Children aged 3–5 years . Initial dose 2.5 mg, 1 time a day. The dose can be increased as needed.

Condition: Narcolepsy

  • Adults and children over 12 years of age: Initial dose of 10 mg, 1 time a day, in the morning. The maximum dose is not more than 60 mg per day.
  • Children aged 6–11 years: Initial dose 5 mg, 1 time per day, in the morning. The dose can be increased as needed.

Condition: Weight loss in obese patients

  • Adults: 5–10 mg, per day, taken 30–60 minutes, before meals. The maximum dose is 30 mg per day.

How to Use Amphetamines  Correctly

Follow the doctor 's recommendations and read the instructions for use on the drug packaging before consuming amphetamine. Do not increase or decrease the dose, and do not use the medicine beyond the recommended period of time.

Consume amphetamine regularly at the same time every day. Amphetamine tablets can be consumed before or after a meal, or shortly after waking up in the morning as the first dose. Do not consume amphetamine at night, as it can cause insomnia.

If you consume amphetamine in the form of a suspension, shake it first before consuming. Use the special measuring spoon available in the amphetamine package so that the dose is more accurate.

If you consume amphetamines to lose weight, consume amphetamines at least 30 minutes to 1 hour before meals or on an empty stomach.

If you forget to consume amphetamine, consume it immediately if the pause with the next consumption schedule is not too close. If it's close, ignore it and don't double the dose. Do not consume amphetamines for more than 10 days.

Perform routine controls according to the schedule given by the doctor, so that the condition and response to therapy can be monitored.

Store amphetamines in a dry, closed place, away from direct sunlight. Keep this medicine out of the reach of children.

Amphetamine Interactions with Other Drugs

The use of certain drugs together with amphetamines can cause drug interaction effects, such as:

  • Increased risk of fatal side effects if used with monoamine oxidase inhibitors ( MAOI) drugs, such as isocaboxazid, selegiline , or tranylcypromine.
  • Increased risk of increased blood pressure and rapid heart rate if used with flu and cough medicine, or nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen
  • Increased risk of serotonin syndrome if used with ecstasy or antidepressants, such as fluoxetine

Side Effects and Dangers of Amphetamine

Side effects that may arise after using amphetamine are:

  • Turn
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
  • Lost weight
  • Constipation
  • Decreased appetite
  • Insomnia  or sleepiness
  • Headache
  • Menstrual pain
  • Nervous and restless
  • Change in mood
  • Pain and burning when urinating
  • Nosebleed

Check with your doctor if the above side effects do not subside. See a doctor immediately if you experience a drug allergic reaction or more serious side effects, such as:

  • Heavy dizziness
  • Numbness
  • Experiencing delusions or hallucinations.
  • Tachycardia or fast heart rate
  • Blurred vision
  • Serotonin syndrome , characterized by fever, muscle stiffness, diarrhea, tremors, sweating, and confusion
  • Stroke , which is characterized by difficulty speaking, severe headache, numbness in the face, arms, or legs, or loss of balance
  • Convulsions
  • There is a desire to hurt yourself or commit suicide
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