Anthelmintic

Anthelmintic

Deworming is a class of drugs to treat worm infections, both in the intestines and other organs of the body. Antihelmintic drugs can be found in tablet dosage forms, chewable tablets, lozenges, powders, and suspensions or syrups.

Anthelmintics or anthelmintics work by paralyzing the worm's nerves and muscles, inhibiting the absorption of nutrients in the worm's body, or preventing the reproduction of adult worms. The way this drug works causes the worms to be unable to grow and reproduce, then they die and are carried out with the feces.

Deworming is used to treat infections caused by pinworms , roundworms ( ascariasis ), hookworms , tapeworms ( taeniasis or cysticercosis), and liverworms . Some of these drugs are sold freely and some must be purchased with a doctor's prescription.

Warning Before Consuming Worm Medicine

Deworming drugs should not be used carelessly. There are several things that must be considered before taking this drug, namely:

  • Do not take deworming drugs if you have an allergy to this drug. If in doubt, tell your doctor about your allergic history before taking this drug.
  • Do not give deworming drugs to children under 2 years of age or children weighing less than 15 kg unless directed by a doctor.
  • Consult your doctor about using deworming medication if you have a history of epilepsy, heart rhythm disturbances , hypokalemia, anemia, colitis , liver disease, asthma , kidney disease, cancer, HIV/AIDS , or conditions that weaken the immune system.
  • Discuss with your doctor about taking deworming medications if you have or are experiencing dehydration , malnutrition, cysticercosis , or blood disorders or bone marrow diseases, such as agranulocytosis , granulocytopenia, aplastic anemia , or pancytopenia.
  • Do not immediately drive a vehicle or do activities that require alertness after taking deworming medicine if this medicine makes you drowsy or dizzy.
  • Consult your doctor about using deworming medication if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • Consult with your doctor about the use of deworming drugs if you are using rifampicin or other drugs, including certain supplements and herbal products. The goal is to anticipate drug interactions.
  • Immediately consult a doctor if you experience a drug allergic reaction or serious side effects after taking deworming medication.

Side Effects and Dangers of Worm Drugs

The side effects that can appear after taking antihelmintic drugs depend on the type. In general, some of the side effects that may arise are:

  • Drowsiness or difficulty sleeping
  • Dizziness or headache
  • Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, diarrhea
  • Mild skin rash
  • Anemia
  • Hair loss
  • Ringing ears
  • Muscle ache
  • Weak or tired
  • Excessive sweating

Check with your doctor if the side effects mentioned above do not go away or get worse. You should also see a doctor immediately if an allergic drug reaction occurs or the following complaints arise:

  • bloody diarrhea
  • Severe dizziness as if you were about to faint
  • seizures
  • Painful, red, swollen eyes
  • Visual disturbances, such as blurry vision
  • Impaired balance or difficulty walking
  • Swelling in the hands or feet
  • Fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat (heart rhythm disturbances)
  • Yellowing of skin and eyes ( jaundice )
  • Dark colored urine
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Fever, chills, difficulty swallowing
  • Tremors
  • dazed
  • Neck feels very stiff

Type, Trademark and Dosage of Deworming Medicine

The following are nine types of drugs that are included in the deworming class, along with their trademarks and dosages:

1. Albendazole

Albendazole trademarks: Albendazole, Vermic, Zentel, and Zolkaf.

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the albendazole drug page .

2. Ivermectin

Ivermectin trademarks: Iverdium, Ivermax, Ivermectin, Ivercov, Levectin, and Mectinsanbe.

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the ivermectin drug page .

3. Levamisole

Levamisole trademark: Askamex

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the levamisole drug page .

4. Mebendazole

Mebendazole trademarks: Ora Cacingan, Vermox, and Vermoran.

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the mebendazole drug page .

5. Pirantel Pamoat

Pamoate pyrantel trademarks: Combantrin, Combitrin, Compyrantel, Konvermex, Pantrin, Pyrantel Pamoate, Sanela 125, Upixon, and Wormetrin.

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the Pirantel Pamoat drug page .

6. Piperazine

Piperazine trademarks: Aficitrin, Combicitrine, Neo Ultraxon, Menara Kuda Dua Worm Medicine, 8 Dewa Worm Medicine, Univxon

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the piperazine drug page .

7. Praziquantel

Praziquantel trademarks: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the praziquantel drug page .

8. Thiabendazole

Thiabendazole trademarks: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the tiabendazole drug page .

9. Triclabendazole

Triclabendazole trademarks: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the triclabendazole drug page 

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