Antifungal

Antifungal

Antifungals are a group of drugs that are useful for treating fungal infections. These antifungal or antifungal drugs are available in various dosage forms, ranging from tablets, creams, ointments, injections, to shampoos.

Antifungal drugs can work by killing or inhibiting the development of fungal cells. This class of drugs generally targets the cell walls or cell membranes of fungi that the fungi need to reproduce and survive.

Precautions Before Using Antifungals

There are several things that must be considered before using antifungals, including:

  • Do not use antifungal medicines if you have a history of allergies to these drugs.
  • Tell your doctor if you have a history of heart disease, liver problems , a weak immune system, or kidney problems .
  • Use topical antifungal only where recommended. Avoid touching the eyes, nose, and mouth, when using topical antifungal drugs.
  • Some types of antifungals that are used on the sex organs can damage the condom or diaphragm and reduce its effectiveness. Avoid using them together.
  • Do not use vaginal antifungals if you have abdominal pain, fever, or vaginal discharge that smells bad.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal medicines and supplements, to anticipate drug interactions.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy.
  • See your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction or overdose after using antifungal drugs.

Side Effects and Dangers of Antifungals

Antifungals can cause several different side effects, depending on the dosage form of the antifungal drug used. Here is the explanation:

topical and intravaginal antifungal

Topical and intravaginal antifungal drugs can cause some side effects on the treated area. These side effects are:

  • Irritation
  • Burning sensation
  • Itchy
  • redness

Oral and intravenous antifungals

Side effects that can occur due to oral and intravenous antifungal drugs include:

  • Discomfort in the mouth due to the use of antifungal drops
  • Nauseous
  • Vomit
  • Abdominal pain
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Hard to sleep
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • No appetite
  • Dark urine
  • Jaundice

In addition to the side effects mentioned above, the use of antifungals can also cause an allergic drug reaction, which is characterized by the appearance of a rash accompanied by itching on the skin, swelling of the lips or eyelids, and difficulty breathing.

Immediately to the doctor if you experience an allergic reaction after taking antifungal drugs.

Type, Trademark, and Dosage of Antifungal Drugs

Antifungal drugs are generally used with a doctor's prescription, but there are several antifungal drugs that are sold freely and can be obtained without a prescription. The following is an explanation and distribution of the types of antifungal drugs:

1. Azole

This drug is a broad-spectrum antifungal that can kill various types of fungi. The azole class of antifungals work by damaging the fungal cell membrane. If the fungal cell membrane is damaged, the cell will die. Examples of these drugs are:

Itraconazole

Drug form: Capsules

Trademarks: Fungitrazol, Forcanox, Itzol, Itraconazole, Nufatrac, Sporacid, Sporanox, Spyrocon, Trachon, Tracor

To find out complete information about this drug, please visit the itraconazole drug page .

Ketoconazole

Drug form: Tablet, cream, external liquid, shampoo

Trademarks: A-Be Lotion, Dandrufin, Dermaral, Erazol, Fungoral, Fungasol, Formyco, Hufazole, Infungi, Interzol, Ketomed, Mycoral, Nizoral, Solinfec, Sporex, Zoralin

For complete information about this drug, please visit the ketoconazole drug page .

Clotrimazole

Forms of medicine: Cream, liquid external medicine, tablets for the vagina

Trademarks: Baycuten-N, Bernesten, Cotristen, Canesten, Canesten Dex, Demy, Erphamazol, Fungiderm, Hufaderm, Heltiskin, Medisten, Neo Ultrasiline

For complete information about this drug, please visit the clotrimazole drug page .

Fluconazole

Forms of medicine: Tablets, capsules, infusions, injections

Trademarks: Candipar, Cryptal, Diflucan, FCZ, Fluconazole, Flucoral, Fludis, Fluxar, Govazol, Kifluzol, Quazol, Zemyc

For complete information about this drug, please visit the fluconazole drug page .

Miconazole

Medicinal form: Ointment, powder, cream, gel

Trademarks: Altadis, Benoson M, Daktarin, Daktazol, Fungares, Funtas, Kalpanax, Kanesol, Locoriz, Miconazole Nitrate, Micoskin, Mikazol, Mycorine, Mycozol, Vaslone, Zolacort, Zolagel

To find out complete information about this drug, please visit the miconazole drug page .

Tioconazole

Medication form: Cream

Trademarks: Trosyd, Prodermal

For complete information about this drug, please visit the tioconazole drug page .

Voriconazole

Drug form: Tablet, injection

Trademarks: Vfend, Vorica

For complete information about this drug, please visit the voriconazole drug page .

2. Echinocandin

This antifungal drug works by damaging the cell wall of the fungus. If the fungal cell wall is damaged, the cell will die. Examples of these drugs are:

Anidulafungin

Drug form: Injectable

Trademark: Ecalta

To find out complete information about this drug, please visit the anidulafungin drug page .

Micafungin

Drug form: Injectable

Trademarks: Mycamine, Micacura

To find out complete information about this drug, please visit the micafungin drug page .

3. Polyene

Polyene antifungals are also known as antimycotic drugs. This drug works by damaging the fungal cell membrane so that the cell dies. Examples of polyene antifungal drugs are:

Nystatin

Drug form: Ointment, suspension, tablet, vaginal tablet

Trademarks: Candistin, Cazetin, Constantia, Enystin, Mycostatin, Nymiko, Nystin, Fladystin, Flagystatin

To find out complete information about this drug, please visit the nystatin drug page .

Amphotericin B

Medication form: Eye ointment

Trademark: Fungicid

In addition to the form of eye ointment, this drug is also available in the form of oral and injectable drugs. For complete information about this drug, please visit the amphotericin B drug page .

4. Other groups

Apart from those mentioned above, there are several other antifungal drugs that are not classified but can also kill fungus. Examples of these drugs are:

Griseofulvin

Drug form: Tablets, caplets

Trademarks: Fulcin, Fungistop, Gricin, Griseofulvin, Mycostop, Omefulvin, Rexavin

To find out complete information about this drug, please visit the griseofulvin drug page .

Terbinafine

Medication form: Cream, tablets

Trademarks: Pharmasil, Haterbin, Interbi, Meccaderma, Terbinafine HCl, Termisil

For complete information about this drug, please visit the terbinafine drug page .

Naftifine

Medication form: cream and gel

Trademarks: Exoderil, Naftin

To find out complete information about this drug, please visit the naftifine drug page .

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