Antiplatelet

Antiplatelet

Antiplatelet is a group of drugs used to prevent blood clots. This drug is commonly used by patients with blood vessel blockage problems, such as stroke sufferers, coronary heart disease, or peripheral artery disease.

Antiplatelets are also known as blood-thinning drugs, but this designation is inaccurate. Antiplatelets don't thin the blood, but instead prevent platelets from sticking together, so they don't form blood clots.

When you are injured, there is a tear in the blood vessel so that blood flows out of the body. At this time, the platelets will gather to form clots that can block blood vessels and stop bleeding.

The same process can also occur even if there is no bleeding, for example when the walls of blood vessels are damaged by high cholesterol or high blood pressure. In this condition, platelets will also form clots and stick to the damaged area. As a result, a blockage is formed that is not really needed.

The use of antiplatelet drugs can prevent this blockage from occurring. In patients who have had a stroke, heart attack , or chest pain ( angina pectoris ), this drug can prevent the condition from getting worse or prevent recurrence.

Warning Before Using Antiplatelet

Follow the doctor's recommendations and suggestions while undergoing treatment with antiplatelets. Before using this drug, you need to pay attention to the following points:

  • Tell your doctor about any allergies you have, especially allergies to aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Antiplatelets should not be used by patients who are allergic to this drug.
  • Tell your doctor if you have a stomach ulcer or blood clotting disorder. Antiplatelets should not be given to patients with this condition because they can cause heavy bleeding.
  • Tell your doctor if you have asthma , because this medication can cause more severe side effects in people with asthma.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking an antiplatelet when you are having surgery, including dental surgery. Your doctor may ask you to stop taking antiplatelets a few days before surgery. However, do not stop taking antiplatelets without instructions from your doctor.
  • Avoid doing activities that could cause you to fall or get injured, such as strenuous exercise, while using this medicine.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements, or herbal products.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding before taking antiplatelet drugs.
  • See a doctor immediately if you have an allergic drug reaction, serious side effects, or an overdose after using antiplatelets.

Side Effects and Dangers of Antiplatelet

Antiplatelet side effects can vary depending on the type of drug. However, in general, there are several side effects that can occur after using drugs that are included in the antiplatelet class, namely:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Itching or itchy rash
  • Headache
  • Stomach ache
  • Diarrhea

Check with your doctor if the above side effects appear. You should also see a doctor immediately if you have  an allergic reaction to the drug or a more serious side effect occurs, such as:

  • Nosebleed
  • Coughing up blood
  • Bloody urine or bowel movements
  • Bruises that are large or get bigger quickly
  • Menstruation becomes longer and more
  • Fever, chills , or sore throat
  • Shortness of breath and chest pain

Antiplatelet Types and Trademarks

The following are the types of drugs that are included in the antiplatelet class along with their trademarks and dosages based on the age and condition you want to treat:

  1. Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic Acid)
    Form of drug: Tablets
    Trademark: Aspirin, Ascardia, Aspilets, Farmasal, Miniaspi 80, Thrombo Aspilets
    To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the aspirin drug page .
  1. Clopidogrel
    Drug form: Tablet
    Trademarks: Agrelano, Artepid, Clodovix, Copidrel, Coplavix, Febogrel, Lopigard, Medigrel, Pladogrel, Plamed, Plavix, Quagrel, Rinclo, Simclovix, Thrombikaf, Vaclo
    For dosage and more information about this drug, please go to the clopidogrel drug page .
  1. Prasugrel
    Drug form: Tablet
    Trademark: Effient
    For dosages and more information about this drug, please visit the prasugrel drug page .
  1. Ticagrelor
    Drug form: Tablets
    Trademarks: Brilinta, Clotaire, Ticagrelor, Briclot
    To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please visit the ticagrelor drug page .
  1. Dipyridamole
    Drug forms: Tablets, injections
    Trademark: -
    To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the dipyridamole drug page .
  1. Eptifibatide
    Drug form: Injectable
    Trademark: Integrilin
    For dosages and more information about this drug, please visit the eptifibatide drug page .
  1. Ticlopidine
    Drug form: Tablet
    Trademark: Ticard, Ticuring
    To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the ticlopidine drug page .
  1. Triflusal Drug
    form: Capsules
    Trademark: Grendis
    For dosages and more information about this drug, please visit the triflusal drug page .
  1. Cilostazol
    Drug forms: Tablets, capsules and powder
    Trademarks: Aggravan, Antiplat, Cilostazol, Citaz, Naletal, Pletaal, Stazol
    To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please visit the cilostazol drug page .
  1. Tirofiban
    Drug form: Injectable
    Trademark: -
    To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the tirofiban drug page .
  1. Anagrelide
    Drug form: Capsules
    Trademarks: Agrylin, Thromboreductin
    For dosages and more information about this drug, please visit the anagrelide drug page 
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