Antiviral Drugs

Antiviral Drugs

Antiviral drugs are a class of drugs to treat diseases caused by viral infections, such as the flu, HIV/AIDS, herpes or hepatitis. This drug should not be used carelessly and must be according to a doctor's prescription. 

Most viral infections clear up on their own thanks to the immune system. However, antiviral drugs need to be used for viral infections that can last a long time in the body or viral infections that can be life threatening, for example infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus, hepatitis B virus, or HIV.

Antiviral drugs work by killing viruses or inhibiting the multiplication of viruses in the body, so that the number of viruses can be reduced and the infection can be resolved or at least controlled.

If you experience symptoms of Corona virus infection and need a COVID-19 examination, click the link below so you can be directed to the nearest health facility:

  • Antibody Rapid Test
  • Antigen Swab  (Rapid Test Antigen)
  • PCR

Warning Before Using Antiviral Drugs

There are several things that you should pay attention to before using antiviral drugs, including:

  • Tell your doctor about any history of allergies you have. Antiviral drugs should not be given to patients who are allergic to these drugs.
  • Antiviral drugs are not a therapy to replace vaccines. Vaccination is highly prioritized as a prevention against viral infections.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or currently have kidney disease, heart disease, respiratory problems, liver disease, or diabetes.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking antiviral drugs before having surgery or other medical procedures.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking any medications, supplements or herbal products.
  • See your doctor immediately if you have an allergic drug reaction , serious side effects, or an overdose after using antiviral drugs.

Side Effects and Dangers of Antiviral Drugs

In addition to the benefits provided, each drug can also cause side effects for people who consume or use it. A number of side effects that can occur after using antiviral drugs are:

  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Feeling unwell
  • Diarrhea
  • Cough and stuffy nose
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Stomach ache

Check with your doctor if these side effects don't go away or get worse. See your doctor right away if you have an allergic drug reaction, Stevens-Johnson syndrome , or any of these serious side effects:

  • Liver disorders, which can be characterized by jaundice, or discoloration of urine to dark like tea
  • Bloody or swollen urination on both legs
  • Irregular heartbeat or palpitations
  • Loss of appetite
  • Severe abdominal pain

Types and Trademarks of Antiviral Drugs

The following are the types of drugs that are included in the class of antiviral drugs, equipped with trademarks and dosages according to their intended use and the age of the patient:

1. Interferons

Interferon works by increasing the body's immune response and inhibiting the growth of viruses. Examples of interferon drugs are:

Interferon Alfa-2a

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the interferon alfa-2a drug page .

Interferon Alpha-2b

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the interferon alfa-2b drug page .

Alpha-n3 interferon

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the interferon alpha-n3 drug page .

Interferon Beta-1a

Trademarks: Rebif, Rebif 22

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the interferon beta-1a drug page .

Interferon Beta-1b

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the interferon beta-1b drug page .

Alpha-2a peginterferon

Trademark: Pegasys

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the peginterferon alfa-2a drug page .

Alpha-2b peginterferon

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the peginterferon alfa-2b drug page .

2. Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)

NRTI is one of the antiretroviral antiviral drugs (ARV) used to treat HIV/AIDS. NRTI drugs work by inhibiting the development of the HIV virus in body cells. Examples of NRTI drugs are:

Adefovir

Trademark: Hepsera

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the adefovir drug page .

Emtricitabine-Tenofovir

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the emtricitabine-tenofovir drug page .

Lamivudine

Trademarks: 3TC, Diltra, Duviral, Lamivudine-Zidovudine, Telado, Egga

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the lamivudine drug page .

Zidovudine

Trademarks: Duviral, Lamivudine-Zidovudine, ZDV

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the zidovudine drug page .

Abacavir

Trademarks: Abacavir Sulfate, Abacavex

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the abacavir drug page .

Stavudine

Trademark: Staviral

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the Stavudine drug page .

3. Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)

NNRTIs are also used as drugs to treat HIV/AIDS. This drug works by blocking the process of virus multiplication in white blood cells, so that the body's immune system can work better. Examples of NNRTI drugs are:

Nevirapine

Trademarks: Neviral, Nevirapine, NVP

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the nevirapine drug page .

Etravirine

Trademark: Intelligence

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the etravirine drug page .

Rilpivirine

Trademark: Edurant

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the rilpivirine drug page .

4. Protease inhibitors

Protease inhibitors prevent viral reproduction by inhibiting protease enzymes. This enzyme is needed by the virus to reproduce itself. Examples of protease inhibitor drugs are:

Lopinavir-Ritonavir

Trademarks: Aluvia, Loparta, Lopivia, Ritocom

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the lopinavir-ritonavir drug page .

Indinavir

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the indinavir drug page .

Simeprevir

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the simeprevir drug page .

Darunavir

Trademark: Prezista

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the darunavir drug page .

Ritonavir

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the ritonavir drug page .

5. Inhibitors of RNA polymerase

RNA polymerase inhibitors work against RNA viruses by inhibiting the polymerase enzyme, so that viruses cannot reproduce their genetic material and multiply. Examples of RNA polymerase inhibitor drugs are:

Favipiravir

Trademarks: Avigan, Avivafir, Covigon, Favikal, Favipiravir

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the favipiravir drug page .

ribavirin

Trademark: Copegus

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the ribavirin drug page .

Baloxavir Marboxil

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the baloxavir marboxil drug page .

6. Inhibitor of DNA polymerase

DNA polymerase inhibitors work by inhibiting the process of viral replication or multiplication, so that the number of viruses can be reduced. Generally, DNA polymerase inhibitor antiviral drugs are used for the treatment of herpes virus infections . Examples of DNA polymerase inhibitor drugs are:

Acyclovir

Trademarks: Acifar, Acyclovir, Hufaclovir, Virless, Zoter

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the acyclovir drug page .

Entecavir

Trademarks: Bucretis, Entecavir Monohydrate, Entegard, Tecavir, Virobet

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the entecavir drug page .

Ganciclovir

Trademarks: Cymevene,

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the ganciclovir drug page .

Valacyclovir

Trademarks: Herclov, Iclofar, Inclovir, Norus, Valciron, Valcor, Valtrex, Valvir

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the valacyclovir drug page .

Valganciclovir

Trademarks: Valgovir, Valcyte

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the valganciclovir drug page .

Famciclovir

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the famciclovir drug page .

Penciclovir

Trademark: -

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the penciclovir drug page .

7. Neuraminidase inhibitors

Neuraminidase inhibitors stop the activity of the virus from spreading in the body by blocking certain proteins in the virus. This antiviral drug is used to treat influenza infections . Examples of neuraminidase inhibitor drugs are:

Oseltamivir

Trademarks: Fluvir, Oseltamivir, Tamiflu, Oselt

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the oseltamivir drug page .

Zanamivir

Trademark: Relenza

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the zanamivir drug page .

8. Direct Acting

Direct acting antiviral drugs are used to treat hepatitis C. These drugs work by inhibiting the ability of the hepatitis C virus to multiply. Examples of direct acting drugs are:

Daclatasvir

Trademarks: Dasvir, Mydekla, Natdac

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the daclatasvir drug page .

Sofosbuvir

Trademarks: Harvoni, Hepcinat, Sofohep, Sobuvir, Sofosvir

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the sofosbuvir drug page .

Velpatasvir-Sofosbuvir

Trademarks: Epclusa, Myhep All

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the velpatasvir-sofosbuvir drug page .

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