ARBs or angiotensin II receptor blockers are a class of drugs to lower blood pressure in conditions of hypertension. This drug is also used in the treatment of heart failure and prevention of kidney failure in people with diabetes or hypertension.
ARBs work by blocking the binding of angiotensin II to its receptors. Angiotensin II is a compound that has the effect of constricting blood vessels. By inhibiting the binding of angiotensin II to the receptor, blood vessels can dilate, so that blood flow can be smoother and blood pressure can decrease.
Widening blood vessels and decreasing blood pressure will also reduce the burden or work of the heart and prevent further kidney damage.
Warning Before Taking ARB
ARBs should only be consumed according to a doctor 's prescription . The following are some things you should pay attention to before consuming ARBs:
- Do not take ARBs if you are allergic to these drugs. Tell your doctor about any history of allergies you have.
- Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products
- While taking ARBs, your doctor will ask you to check your blood pressure or kidney function regularly. Follow the schedule of controls and examinations given by the doctor so that your condition can be monitored.
- Tell your doctor if you have had or currently have angioedema, kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes , biliary tract disease, dehydration , high potassium levels, or are on a low-salt diet .
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy.
- See your doctor immediately if you have an allergic drug reaction , serious side effects, or overdose after taking an ARB.
Side Effects and Dangers of ARB
There are several side effects that can occur after consuming ARBs, including:
- Orthostatic hypotension
- Insomnia or difficulty sleeping
- Back pain or leg pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Flu-like symptoms
- Metallic or salty taste on the tongue
Check with a doctor if the complaints mentioned above do not go away or get worse. In addition, you should also see a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic drug reaction or experience more serious side effects, such as:
- Slow, fast, or irregular heart rate
- Vomiting or diarrhea that occurs continuously
- Inflammation of the sinus cavities ( sinusitis )
- Respiratory tract infection or bronchitis
- High levels of potassium in the blood (hyperkalemia)
- Inflammation of the liver (hepatitis)
ARB Types and Trademarks
The following are the types of drugs that are included in the class of angiotensin II receptor blockers , equipped with trademarks and doses that are adjusted to the condition and age of the patient:
Merek dagang: Blopress Plus, Candefion, Candesartan Cilexetil, Candotens, Canderin, Candepress, Quatan, Unisia
To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the candesartan drug page .
To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the erprosartan drug page .
Merek dagang: Aprovel, Coaprovel, Irbesartan, Irvell, Irtan, Tensira
To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the irbesartan drug page .
Trademarks: Angioten, Cozaar, Insaar, Losargard, Losartan Potassium, Lifezar, Santesar
To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the Losartan drug page .
Trademarks: Normetec, Olmetec, Olmetec Plus, Oloduo
To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the olmesartan drug page .
Trademarks: Micardis, Nuzartan, Simtel, Telmisartan, Tinov, Twynsta
To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the telmisartan drug page .
Merek dagang: Diovan, Exforge, Lapiva 5/80, Lapiva 5/160, Uperio, Valesco, Varten, Vastan 80, Vastan 160
To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please open the valsartan drug page .
Trademark azilsartan medoxomil : -
To treat hypertension in adults, the dose is 40 mg, once a day. Dosage can be increased up to 80 mg per day.