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Back Pain

Back Pain

Back pain is pain or stiffness that can occur along the spine, from the bottom of the neck to the tailbone. Back pain is a symptom of a condition or disease related to the spine.

Back pain is generally caused by disorders of the vertebrae or surrounding tissues, such as muscles, blood vessels, or nerves. In addition, this condition can also be a sign of interference with other organs around the spine, such as the kidneys.

In most cases, back pain is not caused by a serious medical problem and lasts only a short time (acute) for a few days to weeks. However, back pain can also last for a long time (chronic) and occur repeatedly.

Causes and Symptoms of Back Pain

A common cause of back pain is a sprained or strained spinal cord . Pain like this usually occurs due to lifting heavy objects or exercising excessively. In addition, this condition can also be caused by spinal injuries or structural abnormalities of the spine.

In addition to causing sharp and stabbing pain, back pain can also cause pain that spreads down the legs, especially when the patient lifts heavy loads or performs certain activities.

Back Pain Complications

If left untreated, back pain can cause complications that limit daily activities and reduce the sufferer's quality of life. Some examples of back pain complications are:

  • Back pain that progresses to chronic
  • Changes in the shape of the spine
  • Impaired movement of the feet or hands
  • Fecal or urinary incontinence
  • Permanent disability

Treatment and Prevention of Back Pain

Treatment of back pain includes the use of pain relievers and physical therapy or physiotherapy. However, if needed, the doctor can perform surgery.

Back pain can be prevented with simple efforts, such as being active in sports, maintaining an ideal body weight, and managing stress well.

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