Baclofen is a medicine to ease complaints of stiff and tense muscles and the accompanying pain. This medicine is usually given to sufferers of spinal injuries , multiple sclerosis , spinal tumors, and cerebral palsy . Baclofen can only be used according to a doctor's prescription .
Baclofen belongs to the group of muscle relaxant drugs . This medicine works directly on the central nervous system to relax the tense muscles of the body. That way, the discomfort caused by muscle tension, such as body stiffness and pain, will also gradually subside.
Be aware, baclofen cannot cure diseases that cause pain, tension, or stiffness in the muscles.
Baclofen trademarks: Falcofen, Lioresal
What is Baclofen?
|Benefits||Relieves pain, cramps, stiffness, and tension in muscles|
|Consumed by||Adults and children aged ≥12 years|
|Baclofen for pregnant and lactating women||
Category C: Studies on experimental animals show side effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies on pregnant women.
Medicines can only be used if the magnitude of the expected benefit exceeds the magnitude of the risk to the fetus.
Baclofen is absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without first consulting your doctor.
Warnings Before Taking Baclofen
Baclofen should not be used indiscriminately. Some things you need to pay attention to before undergoing treatment with baclofen, among others:
- Do not take baclofen if you are allergic to this medicine. Always tell your doctor about any allergies you have.
- Tell your doctor if you are suffering from a stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer , because baclofen should not be used in people with these conditions.
- Tell your doctor if you have ever had or are currently suffering from liver disease, kidney disease , diabetes, or ovarian cysts .
- Tell your doctor if you have ever had or are currently experiencing balance disorders, stroke , hypertension, epilepsy , seizures, or Parkinson's disease .
- Tell your doctor if you suffer from a mental disorder , such as schizophrenia , depression, bipolar disorder , or psychotic disorder .
- Tell your doctor if you are or have experienced alcohol addiction or NAPZA abuse.
- Do not consume alcoholic beverages during treatment with baclofen, as it can increase the risk of side effects.
- Do not do activities that require alertness, such as driving a vehicle or operating heavy machinery, after consuming baclofen, because this drug can cause drowsiness and dizziness.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant.
- Tell your doctor if you are using other drugs, including supplements and certain herbal products, in order to anticipate drug interactions.
- See a doctor immediately if an allergic drug reaction, serious side effect, or overdose occurs after consuming baclofen.
Dosage and Administration of Baclofen
The dose of baclofen tablets for adults and children aged ≥12 years is 5 mg 3 times a day. The dose can be increased by 5 mg every 3 days, if the complaint is still bothersome. Maximum dose: 20 mg, 4 times a day.
How to Consume Baclofen Correctly
Follow the doctor 's instructions and read the information on the medicine package before taking baclofen. Do not increase or decrease the dose, and do not stop using baclofen without consulting your doctor first.
Consume baclofen with a meal or immediately after a meal. Swallow baclofen tablets with water.
Try to consume this medicine at the same time every day. If you forget to take baclofen, take it immediately if it is not close to the next medication schedule. When it is close, ignore the missed dose and do not double the dose at a later time.
Do not stop treatment without consulting a doctor, as this causes worsening conditions and withdrawal symptoms, such as hallucinations and seizures. If treatment needs to be stopped, the doctor will gradually lower the dose of baclofen.
During treatment with baclofen, you are advised to check up with your doctor regularly. Follow the control schedule recommended by the doctor. The doctor may perform some routine examinations to monitor the progress of your condition.
Store baclofen tablets in a cool place away from direct sunlight. Keep this medicine out of the reach of children.
Baclofen Interactions with Other Drugs
The following are the interaction effects that can occur if baclofen is used together with other drugs:
- Increase the risk of side effects from levodopa or carbidopa drugs
- Increases the risk of the effect of lowering consciousness and respiratory function if used with tizanidine , analgesics, antipsychotics , barbiturates, benzodiazepines , or antianxiety
- Increases the risk of hypotension and shortness of breath if used with morphine
- Increase the side effect of hypotonia (muscle weakness) if used with tricyclic antidepressants , such as amitriptyline
- Increases the risk of cardiac arrest and seizures if used with narcotics, such as fentanyl or propofol
- Worsening the symptoms of tremors or uncontrolled body movements (if any) if used with lithium
- Increases the risk of low blood pressure (hypotension) if used together with antihypertensive drugs
Side Effects and Dangers of Baclofen
Side effects that may appear after consuming baclofen include:
- Dry mouth
- Constipation or even diarrhea
- Frequent urination
- Sleep disorders or insomnia
- Tired or weak
Check with your doctor if the side effects do not improve or get worse. You also need to see a doctor immediately if you experience a drug allergic reaction or more serious side effects, such as:
- Hands and feet are too weak to move or do activities
- Heavy sleepiness or sleep that is too long to interfere with activity
- Changes in mood and behavior, such as depression
- Delirium or hallucinations
- The body trembles or feels like fainting
- Short breath
- Itching, tingling , or tingling in the hands or feet