Bed Bugs

Bed Bugs

Bedbugs or bed bugs are small insects that live by sucking blood. These animals usually hide around the bed, and come out at night to bite and suck blood when a person sleeps.

Bed bugs are insects that are flat and brown in color. These insects are attracted to body heat and carbon dioxide gas emitted by humans.

Bed bugs can be eradicated by washing bedclothes and sheets using hot water, or by covering the mattress with a tight wrap for at least 1 year. However, for more effective results, it is recommended to use the services of a professional exterminator.

Causes of Bed Lice

These insect bites occur when someone accidentally brings bed bugs onto their bed. This can happen because bed bugs are able to crawl through clothing or other objects, then hide around the mattress.

Bed bugs come out at night to suck blood and hide during the day. Apart from being around the mattress, bed bugs often hide in several places, such as:

  • Clothes
  • Carpet
  • Curtain
  • Pillow
  • Things around the bed
  • The room behind the light switch
  • Cracks or cracks in furniture

Bed bugs are more common in places where many people live, such as:

  • Hospital
  • Lodging
  • Refugee site
  • Apartment
  • Student dormitories or boarding houses
  • Means of transportation

Symptoms and Signs of Bed Lice

The existence of bed bugs is sometimes not realized, because these insects only come out to suck blood at night. After sucking blood for a few minutes, bed bugs will return to their hiding place.

Signs of bed bug bites ( bedbugs bites ) are red welts on the skin that feel itchy or burn like. In people who are bitten by bed bugs for the first time, itching will not be felt immediately. In fact, sometimes it can take days for the itch to appear. However, itching will be felt more quickly the more often these animals are bitten.

The presence of bed bugs can also be detected in bed, in the form of:

  • Traces of blood on the bed
  • Black stains from bed bug excrement
  • A distinctive odor (musty smell) appears in the flea hiding places

When to see a doctor

Check with your doctor if you have a serious reaction from bed bug bites, such as severe itching, swelling and redness of the bite marks, or blisters in the area of ​​the tick bite.

Bed bug bites can injure the skin, especially if the bite site is scratched. The injured skin can be entered by bacteria, causing skin infections, such as cellulitis. Immediately consult a doctor if the following symptoms appear:

  • Pain radiating from bed bug bites
  • Swelling and redness at the bite site
  • Skin that feels warm when held
  • Fever and chills
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fluid or pus discharge from the bite marks

Diagnosis of Bed Lice

If you suspect that you have been bitten by bed bugs, immediately inspect your bed and home for these insects. It may be necessary to check at night when the bed bugs are active. Pay attention if there are blood spots or small black stains from the excrement of these insects on the mattress.

If you are unsure whether the reddish welts on the skin are bed bug bite marks or not, consult a doctor immediately. Through a physical examination, the doctor can determine whether the red welts are caused by bed bug bites or other conditions, such as hives or chickenpox.

Bed Lice Treatment

Bed bug bites usually disappear on their own within 2 weeks. It's important to remember, don't scratch the bite mark even if it itches, because it can injure the skin and cause infection. If an infection occurs, go to the doctor immediately so that the doctor can prescribe antibiotics .

Check with your doctor if the itching is unbearable. The doctor can give hydrocortisone cream to apply to the bitten skin area, or take antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine .

How to eradicate and get rid of bed bugs

Once the symptoms are treated, bed bugs must be eradicated immediately. The following are ways to get rid of bed bugs that can be done independently:

  • Wash clothes, curtains, pillowcases, and sheets in hot water, and dry them on hot heat. For items that can't be washed, dry them on hot for 30 minutes.
  • Use a vacuum cleaner to remove bed bugs and their hiding places. If there are lots of flea eggs on the mattress, dry the mattress in a hot place or replace it with a new mattress.
  • Wrap the mattress tightly to prevent fleas from getting out of the mattress. Bed bugs can live up to 1 year without eating, so don't release them for at least 1 year.
  • Repair any gaps or cracks in walls, floors and furniture, so they don't become breeding grounds for bed bugs.

If there are quite a lot of bed bugs, eradication must use insecticides. However, it is advisable to use the services of pest exterminators who are used to using hazardous chemicals. Be sure to keep yourself, children and pets away during the eradication process.

Bed Lice Complications

Bed bug bites can cause an allergic reaction , with symptoms of painful swelling and intense itching around the bite site. In some cases, bed bug bites can trigger anaphylaxis , which is an allergic reaction that can be life threatening.

The habit of scratching bed bug bite marks can also cause serious infections . Emergency treatment should be given if the following symptoms appear after being bitten by a bed bug:

  • Nauseous
  • Vomit
  • Dizzy
  • Fever
  • shivers
  • Hard to breathe

Bed Lice Prevention

There are several ways you can do to protect yourself from bed bug bites, namely by spraying insect repellent, installing insect repellent wire coated with permethrin pesticide , or wearing clothes that cover the skin.

You can also make the following efforts to anticipate the appearance of bed bugs at home:

  • Check the bed sheets and sofas in the hotel room, and place your bag or suitcase on the table so that bed bugs don't infest it.
  • Clean bird or bat nests at home, because bed bugs can hitch a ride on the bodies of birds or bats to move from one place to another.
  • Check carefully if buying a used mattress, chair, or sofa, before bringing them into the house.
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