Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepine is a class of tranquilizers or sedatives that can be used in the treatment of anxiety disorders, panic attacks, muscle stiffness, insomnia, seizures, status epilepticus, or alcohol withdrawal syndrome. This drug is also often used as a sedative before surgery.

Benzodiazepine works by increasing the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid  (GABA). GABA is a  neurotransmitter  that works to reduce the activity of nerve cells in the brain, resulting in a calmer effect.


This drug should not be used casually and should be under the supervision of a doctor because it risks causing drug dependence.

Warnings Before Using Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepine is a prescription drug that is only used according to a doctor 's prescription . Before using benzodiazepines, there are some things you need to pay attention to, including:

  • Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. Benzodiazepines should not be used by patients who are allergic to this drug.
  • Tell your doctor if you have ever had or are currently suffering from kidney disease, liver disease, lung or respiratory tract disease, myasthenia gravis , glaucoma, sleep apnea , epilepsy, or have a mental disorder, such as depression .
  • Tell your doctor if you are currently or have experienced NAPZA abuse or alcohol addiction .
  • Do not consume alcoholic beverages or grapefruit during treatment with benzodiazepines, as it can increase the risk of fatal side effects.
  • Do not drive a vehicle or do activities that require alertness, while undergoing treatment with benzodiazepines, because this drug can cause dizziness and drowsiness .
  • Do not use opioid drugs, such as codeine or fentanyl , during treatment with benzodiazepines, as it can increase the risk of respiratory disorders.
  • Follow your doctor's advice and have regular check-ups with your doctor during treatment with benzodiazepines, because long-term use of this drug risks causing drug dependence.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements, or herbal products.
  • See a doctor immediately if you experience a drug allergic reaction, serious side effects, or overdose after using benzodiazepines.

Benzodiazepine Side Effects and Dangers

There are several side effects that can arise due to the use of benzodiazepines, namely:

  • Turn
  • Drowsy
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dry mouth
  • Constipation
  • Bewildered
  • Memory disorders
  • Weight gain
  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Jaundice
  • Low blood pressure

Check with your doctor if the above side effects appear. You should also go to the doctor immediately if you develop  an allergic reaction to the drug , begin to develop drug dependence, or develop certain more serious side effects, such as:

  • Convulsions
  • Pass out
  • Suicidal thoughts or attempts appear
  • Jaundice
  • Fast or slow heart rate
  • Respiratory disorders
  • Akathisia (movement disorder)

Types and Brands of Benzodiazepines

The following are the types of drugs that are included in the benzodiazepine group, along with the brand name and dosage based on age and the condition to be treated:

1. Alprazolam

Drug form: Tablet

Brand names: Alprazolam, Atarax, Frixitas, Opizolam, Xanax, Zypraz, Zolastin

To find out the dose and more information about this drug, please visit the alprazolam drug page .

2. Chlordiazepoxide

Drug form: Tablet

Trademarks: Braxidin, Cliad, Clixid, Librax, Melidox, Sanmag

  • Conditions: Insomnia
    Adults: 10–30 mg per day, consumed before going to bed at night.
  • Conditions: Muscle spasms
    Adults: 10–30 mg per day, divided into several consumption schedules.
  • Conditions: Anxiety disorders
    Adults: 30 mg per day, divided into several doses. For serious anxiety disorders, the maximum dose is 100 mg per day.
  • Conditions: Alcohol withdrawal syndrome
    Adults: 25–100 mg per day, given as long as needed. The maximum dose is 300 mg per day.

3. Clobazam

Drug form: Tablet

Trademarks: Anxibloc, Asabium, Clobazam, Clofritis, Frisium, Proclozam

To find out the dose and more information about this drug, please visit the clobazam drug page .

4. Clonazepam

Drug form: Tablet

Trademarks: Clonazepam, Riklona 2

To find out the dose and more information about this drug, please visit the clonazepam drug page .

5. Diazepam

Drug form: Tablet, syrup, injection, and suppository

Trademarks: Analsik, Diazepam, Potensik, Trazep, Stesolid, Valdimex, Valisanbe

To find out the dosage and more information about this drug, please visit the diazepam drug page .

6. Estazolam

Drug form: Tablet

Trademarks: Alena, Esilgan, Elgran

To find out the dose and more information about this drug, please visit the estazolam drug page .

7. Lorazepam

Drug form: Tablet

Brand names: Ativan, Lorazepam, Loxipaz, Merlopam, Renaquil

To find out the dose and more information about this drug, please visit the lorazepam drug page .

8. Midazolam

Drug form: Injection

Trademarks: Anesfar, Dormicum, Fortanest, Hypnoz, Midazolam-Hameln, Miloz

To find out the dose and more information about this drug, please visit the midazolam drug page .

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