Benzoyl peroxide is a drug to treat acne . This drug is available in the form of a clear gel with levels of 2.5 % , 5 % and 10%.
Benzoyl peroxide works by reducing inflammation, killing acne -causing bacteria , and opening skin pores so that dirt, oil, and dead skin cells that clog pores are easier to clean. That way, pimples deflate more quickly.
Benzoyl peroxide can be found alone or in combination with other ingredients, such as clindamycin or adapalene . Benzoyl peroxide single preparations are generally sold over the counter, while combination preparations can only be purchased with a doctor's prescription.
What is Benzoyl Peroxide
|Category||Over-the-counter and prescription drugs|
|Used by||Adults and children aged ≥12 years|
|Benzoyl peroxide for pregnant and lactating women||Category C: Animal studies have shown a side effect of topical benzoyl peroxide on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women. The drug should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus. It is not known whether benzoyl peroxide is absorbed into the body. in breast milk or not. Consult your doctor about using this product if you are breastfeeding.|
Precautions Before Using Benzoyl Peroxide
There are several things to consider before using benzoyl peroxide, including:
- Do not use benzoyl peroxide if you are allergic to this drug.
- Talk to your doctor about using benzoyl peroxide if you have acne that is severe, large, dense, painful, or filled with pus.
- Talk to your doctor about using benzoyl peroxide if you have sensitive skin .
- Avoid using benzoyl peroxide on skin that has wounds, irritation, eczema or sunburn . Wait until the complaint is completely gone before using this acne medication.
- Avoid using benzoyl peroxide together with acne medications or other skin care products that contain certain active ingredients, because it can increase the risk of skin irritation.
- Talk to your doctor about using benzoyl peroxide if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding, especially if you plan to use it regularly.
- Consult with your doctor about using benzoyl peroxide if you are using other drugs or herbal products that are applied to the skin, to avoid drug interactions.
- See your doctor right away if you experience an allergic reaction to any medication after using benzoyl peroxide.
Dosage and Rules for Using Benzoyl Peroxide
To treat acne, apply benzoyl peroxide gel 1-2 times a day. It is recommended to use the lowest level of benzoyl peroxide at the beginning of use.
How to Use Benzoyl Peroxide Properly
Read the instructions for use listed on the benzoyl peroxide packaging or follow the doctor 's recommendations . Do not use this medication more or more often than directed.
Benzoyl peroxide can cause irritation. If this is your first time using this drug, it is recommended to apply it to small pimples first, 1 time per day for 3 days. This aims to find out whether an uncomfortable reaction arises on your skin.
If no allergic reactions occur on the skin, you can start using benzoyl peroxide according to the instructions and directions for use found on the package. However, if discomfort occurs, do not continue using the drug and consult a doctor.
Benzoyl peroxide is for external use on the skin only. Clean and dry the surface of the skin with acne before using benzoyl peroxide. After that, apply a thin layer of benzoyl peroxide gel to the skin with acne.
Avoid touching the skin that has been smeared with this drug, for at least 1 hour after use. Do not cover the area of skin that is smeared with medicine with a bandage, unless your doctor recommends it.
Avoid contact with eyes, mouth or inside of the nose when using benzoyl peroxide. Rinse immediately with clean water if this medicine gets on that part.
It is recommended to use sunscreen and avoid exposure to the sun for too long when doing outdoor activities during the day, because the content of benzoyl peroxide can make the skin more sensitive to sunlight.
Store benzoyl peroxide in a cool place away from sunlight. Keep medicine out of reach of children.
Interaction of Benzoyl Peroxide with Other Drugs and Ingredients
Interactions that can occur when using benzoyl peroxide simultaneously with certain drugs are:
- Decreased effectiveness of tretinoin , tazarotene, and isotretinoin drugs , as well as an increased risk of skin irritation
- Temporary changes in skin color and facial hair when used with care products containing sulfonamides
Side Effects and Dangers of Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide is generally safe if used sparingly and according to the recommendations on the packaging. However, in some people it can cause side effects in the form of:
- The skin gets red easily when exposed to sunlight
- Dry skin, redness, and peeling
- Burning or burning sensation on the skin
These side effects are usually mild and will go away within a few days. However, stop using the drug and consult a dermatologist if the acne or side effects above do not go away, or get worse.
Immediately go to the doctor or the nearest hospital if there is a severe allergic reaction, which can be characterized by blisters and extensive swelling of the skin, swelling of the eyelids, face, lips, or tongue, and shortness of breath.