Betadine is an antiseptic product that is useful for preventing the growth and killing of germs that cause infections. This antiseptic medicine is available in the form of liquid, ointment, spray, and stick.

Betadine contains povidone iodine as the main active ingredient. This substance works by killing bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi that cause infections. Povidine iodine tends not to cause irritation and pain, so it is relatively easier to use in children.

Betadine can be used as a first aid medicine to prevent infection in wounds and to clean certain parts of the body before surgery.

In addition to the form of topical antiseptic medicine, Betadine is also available in the form of mouthwash, throat spray , vaginal cleansing liquid, and also antiseptic soap. Betadine is different from die da yao jing or herbal medicine commonly known as Chinese Betadine .

Betadine products

Here are some Betadine products available in the market:

  • Betadine Antiseptic Solution
    Betadine Antiseptic Solution is an antiseptic liquid containing povidone iodine 10%.
  • Betadine Antiseptic Ointment
    Betadine Antiseptic Ointment is an antiseptic ointment that contains 10% povidone iodine.
  • Betadine Antiseptic Solution Stick
    Betadine Antiseptic Solution Stick is a stick-shaped antiseptic containing povidone iodine 10%.
  • Betadine Dry Powder Spray
    Betadine Dry Powder Spray is an antiseptic spray containing povidone iodine 2.5%.
  • Betadine Mouthwash & Gargle
    Betadine Mouthwash & Gargle is a mouthwash that functions as an antiseptic in the oral cavity with a povidone iodine content of 1%
  • Betadine Throat Spray
    Betadine Throat Spray is an antiseptic for the oral cavity and throat in a spray package with a povidone iodine content of 0.45%
  • Betadine Feminine Hygiene PVPI 10%
    Betadine Feminine Hygiene PVPI 10% is a feminine antiseptic with 10% povidone iodine content to overcome symptoms of mild irritation, itching, or vaginal discharge caused by Trichomonas Vaginalis, Candida Albicans, and Gardnerella Vaginalis.
  • Betadine Antiseptic Skin Cleanser
    Betadine Antiseptic Skin Cleanser is an antiseptic soap to clean the skin and kill disease-causing germs with 7.5% povidone iodine content.

What is Betadine

Active ingredients Povidone Iodine
Group Free medicine
Category Antiseptic
Benefits Prevent and treat infections
Used by Adults and children
Betadine for pregnant and lactating women Category D : There is evidence that the drug poses a risk to the human fetus, but the benefit obtained may be greater than the risk, for example to overcome a life-threatening situation.

Betadine can be absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without telling your doctor.

Drug form Liquid, spray, ointment, stick, mouthwash, throat spray , vaginal cleaner, antiseptic soap.

Precautions Before Using Betadine

Before using Betadine, you need to pay attention to the following things:

  • Tell your doctor if you have an allergy to povidone iodine or medicines containing povidone iodine.
  • Do not use Betadine on large areas of skin, deep wounds, or severe burns.
  • If you have a deep or large wound, puncture wound, animal bite, or burn, do not use Betadine before consulting a doctor.
  • Do not use Betadine in premature babies or babies with a birth weight of less than 1.5 kg.
  • Tell your doctor if you have thyroid function disorders or kidney disorders.
  • Be careful using povidone iodine in children.
  • If you use Betadine to overcome a complaint or wound, do not use it for more than 1 week. Contact your doctor if your condition does not improve within 3 days.
  • See a doctor immediately if you experience irritation or a drug allergic reaction after using Betadine.

Dosage and Administration of Betadine

The following is the general dose of Betadine use based on its variant:

  • Betadine Antiseptic Solution
    Apply to the skin as needed.
  • Betadine Antiseptic Ointment
    Apply 1-2 times a day on the injured skin surface.
  • Betadine Antiseptic Solution Stick
    Break the blue cotton and apply the white cotton containing Povidone-Iodine to the wound.
  • Betadine Dry Powder Spray
    Spray on the injured skin 1-3 times a day.
  • Betadine Mouthwash & Gargle Gargle
    15 ml of Betadine Mouthwash & Gargle 3-5 times a day.
  • Betadine Throat Spray
    Spray into the throat 3–4 times a day.
  • Betadine Feminine Hygiene PVPI 10%
    Wash 8 ml of liquid that has been dissolved with 1 liter of water to the feminine area and let it sit for 1 minute.
  • Betadine Antiseptic Skin Cleanser
    Pour enough of this soap, rub it on the skin that has been moistened with water until it foams. Let it sit for 30 seconds, then rinse with clean water.

How to Use Betadine Correctly

Follow the doctor's advice and read the information on the packaging before using Betadine products.

Make sure the surface of the skin is clean before applying Betadine to the wound. Use enough Betadine on the wound. Avoid applying Betadine in the eye area and other areas that are not injured. Wait for the Betadine to dry before applying the bandage. Do not use a tight bandage.

Betadine Antiseptic Solution Stick is for single use only. Discard used steaks.

Shake Betadine Dry Powder Spray before use and spray about 15 cm from the wound. Betadine Dry Powder Spray is flammable, do not use near large flames or open flames. Do not smoke until the medicine is completely dry on your skin.

To use Betadine Mouthwash & Gargle gargle the liquid for 30 seconds, then discard. Do not swallow the liquid.

To use Betadine Throat Spray, spray directly into the mouth or throat. Use every 3-4 hours as needed.

Before use, Betadine Feminine Hygiene PVPI 10% should be dissolved with water first. Wash the solution on the feminine area, let it sit for 1 minute, and rinse with clean water.

Store Betadine in a cool place away from direct sunlight, and keep it out of the reach of children.

Betadine Interactions with Other Drugs

Given that Betadine contains povidone iodine, the risk of thyroid disorders can increase if this drug is used together with other drugs that contain lithium .

Side Effects and Dangers of Betadine       

Although rare, side effects that may appear after using Betadine are:

  • Itching
  • Rash
  • Swelling of the skin
  • Vaginal pain
  • Irritation on the skin, mouth, or parts of the body affected by Betadine.

Check with your doctor if the side effects do not subside or worsen. See a doctor immediately if you experience a drug allergic reaction, such as a large rash, itchy, red, swollen, and peeling skin, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face and lips.

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