Brompheniramine is a medicine to relieve allergy symptoms, such as red, itchy, or watery eyes, sneezing, runny nose, or itching of the nose and throat. This drug can also be used in the treatment of flu or common cold .

Brompheniramine belongs to the group of first-generation antihistamines. These drugs work by blocking the action of histamine substances , which are natural substances in the body that can cause allergy symptoms when a person is exposed to allergy-triggering substances (allergens).

This medication helps relieve allergy symptoms, but cannot be used to treat allergies. Brompheniramine is often found in cold and cough products in combination with other medications, such as pseudoephedrine.

Brompheniramine trademarks: Alco Plus, Alco Plus DMP, Bromphenyl

What is Brompheniramine

group Limited over-the-counter drugs
Category Antihistamine
Benefit Relieves allergy and flu symptoms
Consumed by Adults and children over 6 years old
Brompheniramine for pregnant and lactating women  Category C:  Animal studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus, but there have been no controlled studies in pregnant women. Drugs should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus.

It is not known whether brompheniramine is absorbed into breast milk or not. Do not use this medicine without consulting your doctor first.

Drug form Syrup

Warnings Before Taking Brompheniramine

Brompheniramine should not be used carelessly. Before using this drug, you need to pay attention to the following points:

  • Do not take brompheniramine if you are allergic to this drug. Always tell your doctor about any allergies you have.
  • Do not take brompheniramine if you are taking or have recently taken an MAOI class drug in the last 14 days.
  • Consult your doctor about using brompheniramine if you have or are suffering from heart disease, peptic ulcer , high blood pressure, glaucoma , liver disease, enlarged prostate , kidney disease, thyroid disease , diabetes, seizures , intestinal obstruction, lung and respiratory disease, including asthma. or COPD .
  • Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages while using brompheniramine, because it can increase the risk of side effects.
  • Consult a doctor first before giving this medicine to children or people who are elderly or elderly.
  • Do not use brompheniramine just to make a child sleepy. Misuse of cold medicine or allergies in children can cause death.
  • Tell your doctor that you are taking brompheniramine if you are having an allergy or urine test, because these drugs can affect the results.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking brompheniramine before having surgery, including dental surgery.
  • Talk to your doctor about using brompheniramine if you are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products.
  • Talk to your doctor about using brompheniramine if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • Do not drive a vehicle or do activities that require alertness while taking brompheniramine, because this drug may cause dizziness or drowsiness.
  • See your doctor right away if you have an allergic drug reaction , serious side effect, or overdose after taking brompheniramine.

Dosage and Rules for Using Brompheniramine

The following are common doses for brompheniramine by age:

  • Adult:  4 mg, every 4–6 hours
  • Children 6–12 years: 2 mg, every 4–6 hours

Consult and discuss with your doctor before giving brompheniramine or products containing this drug to children who are under 6 years of age.

How to Take Brompheniramine Properly

Follow the doctor 's advice and read the instructions printed on the drug packaging. Do not increase or decrease the dose without the doctor's permission, because it is feared that it could worsen the condition you are experiencing.

Brompheniramine can be taken before or after meals. This medicine can be taken with food or milk to reduce stomach discomfort.

Try to take brompheniramine regularly at the same time every day. Use the measuring spoon that is in the medicine package when you are going to use brompheniramine, so that the dosage is more precise.

If you forget to take brompheniramine, consume it immediately if the break with the next consumption schedule is not too close. If it's close, ignore it and don't double the dose.

Store brompheniramine at room temperature and avoid direct sunlight. Keep this drug out of reach of children.

Brompheniramine Interactions with Other Drugs

Brompheniramine can cause drug interactions when used with other drugs. The following are some of the effects of drug interactions that can occur:

  • Increased sedative effect of barbiturates , opioids, sedatives or antipsychotics
  • Increased risk of developing  hyperthermia  when used with topiramate or zonisamide
  • Increased risk of masking ear symptoms when used with ototoxic drugs, such as aminoglycosides
  • Increased risk of developing hypertensive crisis when used with MAOIs 

Brompheniramine Side Effects and Dangers

Some of the side effects that can occur after consuming brompheniramine are:

  • Drowsiness
  • Mouth, nose and throat feel dry
  • Nausea or stomach ache
  • Headache or dizziness
  • Constipation
  • Warm feeling in the face, neck, or chest ( flushing )
  • Blurred vision

Consult your doctor if the side effects above do not subside immediately or get worse. You need to see a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic drug reaction or more serious side effects, such as:

  • Feeling nervous, restless, or dizzy
  • Confusion or hallucinations
  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Urinate less or less
  • Seizure
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