Bronchitis is irritation or inflammation in the walls of the bronchial tubes, which are the tubes that carry air from the throat to the lungs. Bronchitis can occur in a matter of days, weeks, even months.

Bronchitis is usually characterized by a cough , which is sometimes accompanied by the release of phlegm or mucus due to irritation of the bronchial wall. Bronchitis that worsens and is not treated risks causing pneumonia  or bronchopneumonia , which is characterized by chest pain , fever, and loss of consciousness.

In general, bronchitis is divided into two types, namely:

1. Acute bronchitis

Acute bronchitis generally lasts for 10–14 days. However, sufferers of acute bronchitis can experience a cough for up to 3 weeks. Acute bronchitis can happen to anyone, but is more often experienced by children under the age of 5.

2. Chronic bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis usually lasts for 3 months or occurs several times in 2 years. Chronic bronchitis is one type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Bronchitis is more common in adults aged 40 and over.

Symptoms and Causes of Bronchitis

Common symptoms of bronchitis are coughing, which can be accompanied by fever, shortness of breath, and sore throat . In severe cases, coughing can cause chest pain or loss of consciousness.

The causes of bronchitis are divided into two, namely infectious and noninfectious. Bronchitis due to infection can be caused by viruses or bacteria. While the causes of non-infectious bronchitis include smoking habits and exposure to dust or pollution.

In addition, there are several factors that can increase a person's risk of getting bronchitis, including weak immunity and frequent exposure to harmful substances, such as ammonia.

Treatment and Prevention of Bronchitis

The treatment of bronchitis is to take cough medicine with sputum . In addition, sufferers are also advised to drink plenty of water and rest enough to help the recovery process.

Bronchitis can be prevented by not smoking, always washing your hands after every activity, and always wearing a mask to avoid exposure to dangerous compounds.

Back to blog