Butalbital is a medication for tension headaches. This drug can be found in combination with paracetamol, aspirin, or caffeine. Butalbital should not be used carelessly and must be in accordance with a doctor's prescription.

Butalbital belongs to the class of barbiturates. To deal with tension headaches, butalbital will work by relaxing the muscles in the head so that it can help relieve headaches.

Trademarks butalbital: -

What is butalbital

group Prescription drug
Category Barbiturates
Benefit Relieves tension headaches
Consumed by Adults and children 12 years old
Butalbital for pregnant and lactating women Category N: Uncategorized.

It is not known whether butalbital is absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not take this drug before consulting a doctor.

Drug form Tablets, capsules and syrup

Precautions Before Taking Butalbital

Butalbital should only be taken according to a doctor's prescription and advice. There are several things to consider before using butalbital, namely:

  • Tell your doctor about any history of allergies you have. Butalbital should not be used by patients who are allergic to this drug.
  • Tell your doctor if you have a blood clotting disorder, digestive tract disease, or respiratory disease, including  bronchopneumonia .
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy.
  • Tell your doctor that you are taking butalbital if you plan to undergo certain laboratory tests or surgery.
  • Do not drive a vehicle or do activities that require alertness after taking butalbital, as this medicine can cause drowsiness .
  • Call your doctor right away if you experience an allergic reaction to the drug  or an overdose after taking butalbital.

Dosage and Rules for Use Butalbital

Butalbital can be found in combination with paracetamol, aspirin, or caffeine. The doctor will determine the dose according to the dosage form of the drug, the type of drug combination, the condition, and the patient's age.

Generally in combination products you can find 50 mg of butalbital. The dosage may vary for each product. However, in general, for relief from tension headaches, the dosage is 1–2 tablets, once every 4 hours.

How to Take Butalbital Properly

Take butalbital as directed by your doctor  and read the directions for use on the drug packaging. Do not reduce or increase the dose of butalbital you are taking because it can increase your risk of experiencing drug side effects or drug dependence.

Butalbital can be taken before or after meals. However, it is best to take the drug with food to prevent stomach upset. Wait until at least 10 minutes have passed after taking the medication before you can lie down.

Swallow butalbital tablets or capsules with a glass of water. Meanwhile, use a measuring device if you need to take butalbital in syrup form, so that the dosage of the medicine you are taking is correct.

Call your doctor if after using this medicine your condition does not improve, the frequency of headaches increases, or the headaches get worse.

Do not stop using butalbital suddenly. Stopping it suddenly can increase your risk of developing withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, or changes in mental state or mood . Usually, the doctor will decrease the prescribed dose until the drug can be safely stopped.

If you forget to take butalbital, take it immediately if the interval between the next consumption time is not too close. If the time between the next dose is near, ignore the dose and do not double the next dose.

Store butalbital in a closed container in a cool dry place away from direct sunlight. Keep this drug out of reach of children.

Butalbital Interactions with Other Drugs

The effects of drug interactions that can occur if butalbital is used with certain drugs include:

  • Decreased blood levels or effects of doravirine, dexamethasone , fostemsavir, lonafanib, lorlatinib, or warfarin
  • Increased rate of release of anticoagulant drugs , doxycycline, estrogen, felodipine , quinidine, theophylline , metoprolol, or prednisone  from the body
  • Increased sedative effect when used with carisoprodol, codeine or cyclobenzaprine.
  • Increased risk of severe side effects when used with MAOIs , such as isocarboxazid, linezolid ,

Side Effects and Dangers of Butalbital

There are several side effects that can occur after consuming butalbital, namely:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizzy
  • Hard to sleep
  • Nausea, bloating , or stomach pain

Check with your doctor if these side effects don't go away or get worse. Immediately see a doctor if you experience an allergic drug reaction or more serious side effects, such as:

  • Breathing becomes shallow or short of breath
  • Slow heart rate ( bradycardia ) or palpitations
  • Frequent twitches
  • Confusion or behavioral disturbances
  • Difficult to urinate
  • Bloody vomiting  or bloody stools
  • Nosebleeds  or bruises appear on the skin for no apparent reason
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