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Chickenpox is an infectious disease caused by the  Varicella zoster virus . This disease is characterized by symptoms in the form of a red rash filled with fluid that feels very itchy all over the body.

Chickenpox ( chickenpox ) was once a common disease in children. However, after the chickenpox vaccination was carried out since the 1990s, the cases of chickenpox began to decrease gradually.


Chickenpox can cause serious complications in infants, pregnant women, and people with weak immune systems, such as people with HIV/AIDS .

Symptoms and Causes of Chicken Pox

The symptom of chickenpox is a red rash on the face, chest, or back, which can spread to all parts of the body. Chickenpox is also characterized by other complaints, such as:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite

Chickenpox in medical terms is known as varicella . The cause is a virus that is easily transmitted through saliva splashes, or direct contact with fluids that come from the rash.

This disease is more susceptible to attack children under the age of 12 years. Some other factors that can increase the risk of chickenpox are not having had chickenpox before and not receiving the chickenpox vaccine.

Chickenpox Treatment and Prevention

Chickenpox treatment aims to reduce the severity of symptoms, with or without medication. There are several efforts that can be done to relieve symptoms, namely wearing loose clothing and soft materials, and not scratching the rash or chickenpox sores.

Prevention of chickenpox is to get the chickenpox vaccine  or  varicella vaccine . In Indonesia, the chickenpox vaccine is not included in the complete routine immunization list , but it is still recommended to be given.

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