Cefprozil

Cefprozil

Cefprozil is an antibiotic drug for treating various bacterial infections, such as infections of the respiratory tract, skin, sinuses, throat, or tonsils. This medicine is only used according to a doctor's prescription.

Cefprozil is available in the form of tablets and suspension powder . Cefprozil is a second generation cephalosporin antibiotic. These antibiotics work by stopping the growth of bacteria that cause infection, but they cannot be used to treat viral infections, such as colds and flu.

Cefprozil trademark: Lizor

What is Cefprozil?

class Cephalosporins
Category Prescription drug
Benefit Treating bacterial infections
Consumed by Adults and children 6 months old
Cefprozil for pregnant and lactating women Category B : Animal studies have not demonstrated a risk to the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women.
Cefprozil can be absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medication without first telling your doctor.
Drug form Tablets and powder suspension

Warnings Before Using Cefprozil:

  • Do not take cefprozil if you have a history of allergies to this drug, cephalosporin class drugs, or penicillin.
  • Do not take cefprozil in suspension if you have phenylketonuria .
  • Do not drink alcoholic beverages, drive a vehicle, or operate machinery that requires caution when using this medicine, as cefprozil may cause dizziness.
  • Tell your doctor about any medications, supplements, vitamins, or herbal remedies you are taking before taking cefprozil.
  • Tell your doctor if you have kidney and digestive tract diseases, such as colitis .
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
  • If you experience an allergic drug reaction or overdose after using cefprozil, see a doctor immediately.

Dosage and Rules for Use Cefprozil

Dosage and rules for using cefprozil depend on the age of the patient. The following are common dosages for cefprozil:

  • Skin infections
    Adults: 500 mg once daily, or 250 mg twice daily. Dosage may be increased to 500 mg 2 times daily if needed. Duration of use for 10 days.
    Children over 2 years old: 20 mg/kg/day. The maximum dose is 1,000 mg/day.
  • Respiratory tract infections
    Adult: 500 mg once daily, or 250 mg twice daily. Dosage may be increased to 500 mg 2 times daily if needed. The maximum duration of use is 10 days.
  • Otitis media
    Children aged 6–24 months: 15 mg/kg, 2 times a day.
  • Acute sinusitis
    Children aged 6–24 months: 7.5 mg/kg or 15 mg/kg, 2 times a day.
  • Sore throat (pharyngitis) or tonsillitis (tonsillitis)
    Children 6–24 months: 7.5 mg/kg, 2 times a day.

How to Use Cefprozil Correctly

Use cefprozil as directed by your doctor. Do not stop taking the medicine even if the symptoms of the infection have improved. Stopping using the drug before the prescribed period of time can increase the risk of the bacteria that you suffer from becoming resistant (resistant) to antibiotics.

Take cefprozil at around the same time every day. This medicine can be taken before or during meals. If complaints of stomach pain or nausea appear after taking the drug, consume cefprozil with food.

If you forget to take the drug, ignore it and don't double the dose on the next consumption schedule.

Mix the suspension powder with water according to the dosage stated on the medicine package. Do not forget to shake the cefprozil suspension that has been thawed before use. Use a measuring spoon, so that the dosage is right.

Store cefprozil in tablet form at room temperature, away from heat, humidity and direct sunlight. Keep this medicine out of reach of children.

Store thawed cefprozil suspension in the refrigerator, do not freeze it. Throw away the thawed cefprozil medicine after 14 days.

Other Drug Interactions with Cefprozil

There are several interactions that can arise from taking cefprozil together with other drugs, including:

  • Increased toxic effect on the kidney when used with aminoglycosides
  • Enhanced anti-clotting effect of vitamin K antagonists
  • Increased effectiveness of cepfprozil when used with probenecid
  • Decreased effectiveness of vaccines derived from live bacteria, such as the BCG vaccine, typhoid vaccine, and cholera vaccine

Know the Side Effects and Dangers of Cefprozil

Despite the benefits it provides, cefprozil has the potential to cause the following side effects:

  • Nauseous
  • Vomit
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach ache
  • Dizzy
  • Itching in the genital area

If the condition does not improve or even worsens, immediately consult a doctor. You are also advised to consult a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic drug reaction and rare serious side effects, such as:

  • Symptoms of infection, which include fever, sore throat, and chills
  • Symptoms of kidney disorders, one of which is a change in urine volume
  • Frequent bruising or bleeding
  • Bloody or mucus stools, as well as stomach cramps during the treatment period
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