Cirrhosis is a condition when the liver is filled with scar tissue and cannot function normally. This scar tissue is formed due to prolonged liver disease, for example due to hepatitis virus infection or alcohol addiction .
Viral infections or excessive alcohol consumption can slowly injure the liver. Normally, the liver will repair the injury by forming scar tissue. However, if the damage continues or there are abnormalities in the liver , more and more scar tissue will form, disrupting liver function.
If it occurs for many years, cirrhosis can cause liver failure. Because the liver is a very vital organ for the body, liver failure will be very dangerous for someone, it can even cause death. However, if the cause is treated, the progression of cirrhosis can be halted or slowed.
Causes and Symptoms of Cirrhosis
Cirrhosis results from long-term liver damage. This damage can be triggered by several factors, such as hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus infection , excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, and excess body weight.
Cirrhosis initially causes no symptoms. However, if the liver damage gets worse, the patient will experience weakness, nausea, vomiting, and decreased appetite. Check with your doctor if these symptoms don't improve or get worse.
Immediately consult a doctor if symptoms appear:
- Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes
- Vomiting blood
- Belly grows
Cirrhosis Treatment and Prevention
Treatment of cirrhosis aims to prevent further damage and relieve symptoms. If the liver is no longer able to function, the patient needs to undergo a liver transplant , which is a procedure to replace a damaged liver with a healthy liver from a donor.
Cirrhosis can be prevented by avoiding its causes, including not sharing needles, practicing safe sexual activity, and limiting consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Maintaining an ideal body weight by exercising regularly, and consuming healthy and balanced nutritious food is also necessary. In addition, it is important to vaccinate against hepatitis B according to the doctor's advice.