Definition of Dehydration

Definition of Dehydration

Dehydration is a condition when the body loses more fluid than is consumed . This condition can cause the body to not function normally.

The body has a water content of 55-80 percent of the total body weight. Water in the body plays a role in helping the digestive system work, removing dirt and toxins from the body, maintaining body temperature, and lubricating the joints.

Dehydration is often mistaken for ordinary thirst. In fact, if not dealt with well, dehydration can develop into something more serious, such as hypovolemia . In hypovolemia, water in the bloodstream is pulled out by the body's tissues in an effort to meet fluid needs. If not treated immediately, this condition can cause shock and be life-threatening.

Symptoms and Causes of Dehydration

Some early signs of dehydration are thirst, dry mouth and  skin , infrequent urination, and urine that is darker in color and smells stronger . While the early symptoms of  dehydration in babies include little or no tears when crying, dry mouth, and diapers remaining dry after several hours.

One of the conditions that are at risk of causing dehydration is diarrhea . In addition, dehydration can also occur when a person vomits, urinates excessively due to illness, or sweats excessively due to exercising in hot weather.

Treatment and Prevention of Dehydration

Mild dehydration can be overcome by drinking a lot, be it plain water,  mineral water , diluted fruit juice, or infused water . Patients can also consume a variety of  food options to overcome dehydration . Meanwhile, severe dehydration patients should be treated in hospital.

Dehydration can be prevented by taking care of fluid intake , especially when experiencing vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive sweating, both after strenuous activity and due to hot weather.

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