Definition of Hemorrhoids (Hemorrhoids)

Definition of Hemorrhoids (Hemorrhoids)

Hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids are swelling or enlargement of the blood vessels at the end of the large intestine (rectum) and anus. Hemorrhoids can occur at any age, but are more common in people 50 years of age or older.

Hemorrhoids or also known as hemorrhoids are generally not bothersome and do not cause complaints. However, hemorrhoids can also cause complaints in the form of discomfort, itching, and bleeding from the anus.

 

Hemorrhoid Classification

There are two  types of hemorrhoids , namely internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids . In internal hemorrhoids, the swollen veins are not visible from the outside. Whereas in external hemorrhoids, swollen blood vessels appear from the outside and feel more painful.

Based on their size and severity, internal hemorrhoids can be grouped into:

  • Grade one: a small swelling appears inside the anal wall and is not visible outside the anus
  • Grade two: larger swelling that comes out of the anus during a bowel movement (BAB) and goes back in on its own after a bowel movement
  • Third degree: there is one or several small lumps hanging from the anus, but can be pushed back in
  • Fourth degree – there is a large lump that hangs from the anus and cannot be pushed back

Symptoms and Causes of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are often marked by a lump outside the anus. Other symptoms that often accompany hemorrhoids are:

  • Itching or pain around the anus
  • Hard lumps around the anus that sting
  • Bleeding from the anus  after defecation
  • Mucous discharge after defecation

Hemorrhoids can be triggered by the habit of straining too hard when defecating or sitting for too long, prolonged constipation or diarrhea , often lifting weights that are too heavy, pregnancy or giving birth recently , and obesity.

Treatment and Prevention of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids must be treated immediately so they do not swell, rupture, or twist. Treatment can be done by:

  • Taking defecation smoothing drugs
  • Applying a healthy diet and increasing fiber intake
  • Using  hemorrhoid ointment
  • Undergo hemorrhoid removal surgery

To avoid the occurrence of hemorrhoids, steps that can be taken are to eat foods rich in fiber, drink lots of water, and exercise regularly. In addition, avoid habits that can trigger hemorrhoids, such as sitting too long, delaying bowel movements, or excessive straining.

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