Definition of Psoriasis

Definition of Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an inflammation of the skin that causes scaly, thick, flaky skin, and sometimes itches. Psoriasis usually appears on the knees, elbows, lower back, and scalp.

Under normal circumstances, the process of changing skin cells takes about 1 month. However, in people with psoriasis, this process can occur in just a few days. As a result, the turnover of skin cells that are too fast causes thickening of the skin.

Psoriasis can be experienced by anyone, including children. This disease is not contagious so direct contact with rashes on the skin of sufferers will not cause a person to contract psoriasis.

Psoriasis Causes and Symptoms

The cause of psoriasis is not known with certainty. However, this condition is thought to occur due to interference with the immune system . In addition, there are factors that can trigger psoriasis, such as stress , throat infections, and cold weather.

Psoriasis symptoms depend on the type. However, this condition is generally characterized by scaly, thick, and itchy skin. These symptoms can occur for several weeks, then disappear for a while until they finally appear again.

Psoriasis Treatment and Prevention

Treatment of psoriasis aims to relieve symptoms. The method of treatment is adjusted to the age and severity of the patient. Actions that can be taken are administering topical medication, tablet medication, injecting medication, or special therapy using ultraviolet light.

The main step to prevent psoriasis is to avoid trigger factors. Some efforts that can be made are to stop smoking, manage stress well, eat a balanced nutritious diet, and use sunscreen.

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