Depression is a mood disorder ( mood ) characterized by feelings of deep sadness and loss of interest in things you like . A person is said to be depressed if it has been 2 weeks feeling sad, hopeless, or worthless.

Depression that is allowed to continue and does not get treatment can lead to a decrease in work productivity, disruption of social relations, to the emergence of  suicidal ideation .

Depression can affect anyone, including women and men . Depression in women is often associated with hormonal changes, including menstruation, pregnancy, postpartum, or menopause. However, until now there has been no research that finds the cause of depression more often occurs in women.

Depression Symptoms

A person who is depressed generally shows certain psychological and physical characteristics. Psychological characteristics of depressed people are excessive anxiety and worry, unstable emotions, and feelings of hopelessness or frustration .

Meanwhile, the physical characteristics of someone who is depressed are always feeling tired and powerless, dizziness and pain for no apparent reason, and decreased appetite.

Causes of Depression

Depression is more common in adults. The cause is thought to be related to genetic factors, hormones, and chemicals in the brain . Some of the factors that trigger depression include:

  • Traumatic events
  • Inner pressure, for example due to financial problems or household problems
  • Wrong mindset, like toxic positivity

Depression Treatment

In treating depression, psychiatrists can do the following ways:

  • Doing psychotherapy or psychological therapy , to help overcome problems due to depression
  • Provide antidepressant drugs, to treat patient depression
  • Undergo treatment in hospital if you have severe depression
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