Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes sufferers to have low levels of intelligence and distinctive physical abnormalities. Symptoms of Down syndrome can be mild or severe, and can even lead to heart disease.
Down syndrome or Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that is quite common. WHO data estimates 3000 to 5000 babies are born with this condition each year.
With the right therapy and support given early, people with Down syndrome can live better and more productive lives.
Causes and Types of Down Syndrome
Down syndrome occurs when there is one extra copy of chromosome 21. Down syndrome is divided into three types, namely:
Trisomy 21 is the most common type of Down syndrome . In this type, each cell of the body has an extra copy of chromosome 21.
In this type, the extra copy of chromosome 21 is only attached to a few cells so that the characteristics of Down syndrome in patients with the mosaic type are not as obvious as in trisomy 21.
In this type, an extra copy of chromosome 21 attaches to another chromosome. Down syndrome, the translocation type can be passed from parent to child.
Treatment and Prevention of Down Syndrome
Treatment of Down syndrome aims to overcome the accompanying conditions and help the sufferer in his activities. The method of treatment can be in the form of therapy or medication.
Down syndrome cannot be prevented. However, genetic counseling can tell you how likely it is to have a child with this condition.
Genetic testing is recommended for people who have families with Down syndrome or are planning their next pregnancy after having previously had children with this disorder.