Genital warts are small bumps that grow in the genital area or anus due to HPV ( human papillomavirus ) infection. Genital warts are different from warts that grow on other parts of the body, because this condition is one type of sexually transmitted infection.
Genital warts are transmitted through sexual contact with the sufferer, either through the vagina, mouth, or anus. Generally, genital warts can appear several months after having sexual intercourse with a person infected with HPV. However, genital warts can also appear after many years, or even not appear at all.
Causes and Symptoms of Genital Warts
The cause of genital warts is the human papillomavirus ( HPV ). This virus can spread through sexual contact, including anal (through the anus) or oral (through the mouth) sex. A person is more at risk of getting genital warts if they have unprotected sex, such as changing partners or not using a condom.
Genital warts are small and not easily visible to the naked eye. Warts usually appear in groups and can spread to other areas. Although generally painless, genital warts can be accompanied by itching, a burning sensation, as well as pain and bleeding during sexual intercourse.
Treatment and Prevention of Genital Warts
Treatment of genital warts is done by administering ointment/cream, such as trichloroacetic acid, or by surgical procedures, such as cryotherapy . Both treatment methods are used to remove genital warts and relieve the symptoms that arise.
To prevent the occurrence of genital warts, the best effort that can be made is to have sexual intercourse safely. In addition, genital warts can also be prevented by receiving the HPV vaccine .