Johnson & Johnson vaccines

Johnson & Johnson vaccines

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is a vaccine to prevent infection with the Corona virus or COVID-19. The vaccine , also known as the J&J vaccine or the Janssen Ad26.CoV2.S vaccine, is given in a single dose.

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine was developed by Janssen Pharmaceuticals Companies of Johnson & Johnson . This vaccine has received an emergency use of authorization (EUA), for use as a vaccine to prevent COVID-19 by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine contains non-replicating type 26 adenovirus, citric acid monohydrate, trisodium citrate dihydrate, ethanol, 2 -hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HBCD), polysorbate-80, and sodium chloride.

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is a type of viral vector vaccine . This vaccine works by making the Sars-Cov-2 protein spike which will stimulate the body to recognize and form antibodies. These antibodies can then provide a protective effect when the body is exposed to the Corona virus that causes COVID-19.

From the results of the clinical trials conducted, the Johnson & Johnson vaccine has an efficacy or prevention value against COVID-19 of 66.3%.

What is the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine

class Prescription drug
Category COVID-19 vaccine
Benefit Preventing COVID-19 infection
Used by Age over 18 years
Johnson & Johnson vaccines for pregnant and lactating women Category N: Not yet categorized.

It is not yet known whether the Johnson & Johnson vaccine is absorbed into breast milk or not. Consult with your doctor before using this vaccine.

Drug form Inject

Precautions Before Receiving the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine will be given in a health facility directly by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor. Pay attention to the following things before receiving the Johnson & Johnson vaccine:

  • Tell your doctor about any history of allergies you have. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to any of the ingredients in this vaccine.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning a pregnancy, or are breastfeeding.
  • Tell your doctor if you are using certain supplements, herbal products, or medications.
  • If you have a fever, giving this vaccine will be postponed until the fever subsides and you are completely recovered.
  • Tell your doctor if you have a blood clotting disorder or are taking any blood-thinning medications , including anticoagulant medications
  • Tell your doctor if you have received any other type of COVID-19 vaccine.
  • Tell your doctor if you are being treated with immunosuppressant drugs or have a condition that causes your immune system to weaken, for example due to HIV/AIDS.
  • Tell your doctor if you are a survivor of COVID-19 or have had treatment with plasma monoclonal or convalescent antibodies .
  • Tell your doctor if you have an ARI , heart disease,   diabetes , hypertension, autoimmune disease, kidney disease, lung disease , or a blood disorder .
  • Immediately see a doctor if you experience an allergic reaction after injecting the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.

Dosage and Administration of the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is given by injection into the deltoid muscle (intramuscularly) in the upper arm by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor.

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is given in a single dose of 0.5 ml. This vaccine can be given to people aged 18 years and over.

How to administer the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is injected into a muscle (intramuscular/IM). This vaccine injection will be carried out by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor at a designated health facility for vaccination services.

Before vaccination, the medical staff will conduct a screening and debriefing to find out your condition. If you have a fever, the vaccine injection will be postponed.

After the screening process is complete and you are declared eligible to undergo vaccination, the area of ​​the skin to be injected will be cleaned with an alcohol swab before and after the injection.

After the vaccine is injected, the injection site will be covered with plaster, then the disposable syringe that has been used will be thrown into the safety box without the needle being closed again.

After receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, you must wait 30 minutes at the vaccination service. This is done to anticipate post-immunization follow-up events ( AEFI ).

AEFIs are all complaints or medical conditions that may be related to vaccination, including allergic reactions to vaccine ingredients and vaccine side effects.

Even though you have been vaccinated, you must still comply with health protocols to prevent transmission of COVID-19, namely by washing your hands, keeping a distance of at least 1-2 meters from other people, always wearing a mask when outside the house, and avoiding crowds.

Storage of Johnson & Johnson vaccines is carried out by vaccine officers according to standard operating procedures. This vaccine needs to be stored in a special vaccine refrigerator with a temperature of 2–8° C which avoids exposure to direct sunlight.

Johnson & Johnson Vaccine Interactions with Other Drugs

It is not yet known what interaction effects can occur if the Johnson & Johnson vaccine is used with other medicines. To anticipate the effects of drug interactions, always tell your doctor about any drugs, supplements or herbal products that you are currently taking before receiving the vaccine.

Johnson & Johnson Vaccine Side Effects and Dangers

Some of the side effects that may occur after vaccination are:

  • Pain, redness, or swelling, at the injection site
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle ache
  • Nauseous
  • Fever

Check with your doctor if the side effects above don't improve or get worse. Immediately consult a doctor if you experience an allergic reaction after injecting the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.

In addition, you also need to see a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic drug reaction or more serious side effects, such as seizures , ringing in the ears, or thromboembolic disorders, such as DVT ( deep vein thrombosis ) or pulmonary embolism .

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