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Kidney stones

Kidney stones

Kidney stones


Definition of Kidney Stones

Kidney stone disease or nephrolithiasis is a condition caused by the formation of solid deposits in the kidneys that come from chemicals in the urine . The size of kidney stones can range from the size of a grain of sand to the size of a pea.

Kidney stones can occur along the urinary tract, namely from the kidney, ureter (the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder), the bladder, and the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body).

Kidney stones can move and pass through the urinary tract. Kidney stones that migrate, especially large ones, will be difficult to pass through the urinary tract. If the condition occurs and causes pain, treatment by a doctor must be done immediately.

When diagnosed and treated early, this condition generally does not cause permanent damage to kidney function.

Causes and Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are formed due to high levels of chemicals, such as calcium, oxalic acid, and phosphorus in the urine. These substances can form crystals and accumulate in the kidneys. As time goes by, the crystal will become harder like stone.

High levels of chemicals in urine can occur as a result of consuming foods high in purines and calcium, lack of fluid intake, as well as side effects of operations and medications, as well as certain medical conditions.

Generally, small kidney stones do not cause symptoms. However, kidney stones that are large and stuck in the urinary tract can cause severe pain in the lower back. The pain makes the sufferer feel uncomfortable even though he has changed body position.

Treatment and Prevention of Kidney Stones

The method of treating kidney stones depends on the size and type of kidney stones. If kidney stones are small and do not cause symptoms, treatment can be done at home. However, if the kidney stones are large and cause symptoms, then handling should be done by a doctor.

The right way to prevent kidney stone disease is to reduce the risk of kidney stone formation. Efforts that can be made include drinking a lot of water, limiting salt consumption, and not consuming foods that contain high levels of oxalate .

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