Methisoprinol is an antiviral drug to treat herpes simplex, genital warts, and sclerosing panencephalitis . This drug is also known as  inosine pranobex or isoprinosine.

Methisoprinol works by inhibiting the growth and spread of viruses in the body. This drug can also improve the work of the body's immune system, thus helping the body fight infection.

Brand names of methisoprinol:  Isoprinosine, Isprinol, Lanavir, Laprosin, Maxprinol, Methisoprinol, Moprin, Prinol, Pronovir, Tropsine, Viridis, Visoprine

What Is Methisoprinol?

Group Prescription drugs
Category  Antivirus
Benefits Treating herpes simplex , sclerosing panencephalitis , genital warts
Consumed by Adults and children
Methisoprinol for pregnant and lactating women Category N: Not yet categorized.

It is not yet known whether methisoprinol can be absorbed into breast milk or not. Therefore, do not use this medicine without informing the doctor.

Drug form Tablets and syrups

Warnings Before Consuming Methisoprinol

Follow the recommendations and suggestions of the doctor during treatment with methisoprinol. Before consuming this medicine, you need to pay attention to the following things:

  • Do not take methisoprinol if you are allergic to this medicine. Always tell your doctor about any allergies you have.
  • Tell your doctor about your medical history, especially if you have or are currently suffering from gout , kidney stones, kidney failure , or heart disease.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements, or herbal products.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant.
  • See a doctor immediately if an allergic drug reaction or overdose occurs after using methisoprinol.

Methisoprinol Dosage and Administration

Methisoprinol is available in two drug forms, namely tablets and syrup. Each methisoprinol tablet contains 500 mg of methisoprinol, while methisoprinol syrup contains 250 mg of methisoprinol in each 1 teaspoon (5 ml).

The following is the general dosage for the use of methisoprinol based on the form of the drug and the patient's age:

Drug form: Tablet

  • Adults: 6–8 tablets per day divided into several consumption times.
  • Children: 3–4 tablets per day divided into several times on the consumption schedule.

Drug form: Syrup

  • Adults: 10 ml, 6–8 times per day.
  • Children aged >7 years or body weight >21 kg: 5 ml, 6 times per day.
  • Children aged 3–7 years or body weight 14–21 kg: 3.75 ml, 6 times per day.
  • Children aged 1–3 years or body weight 9–14 kg: 2.5 ml, 6 times per day.
  • Children aged <1 year or body weight <9 kg: 1.25 ml, 6 times per day.

How to Consume Methisoprinol Correctly

Follow the doctor 's advice and read the information on the medicine packaging label before consuming methisoprinol. Do not reduce or increase the dose without first consulting a doctor.

Methisoprinol can be consumed after meals. Consume methisoprinol at the same time every day to obtain maximum results.

Make sure you continue to consume methisoprinol until the time limit determined by the doctor even if your condition is better. This is done to prevent the recurrence of infection.

While using this medicine, you may need to do blood and urine tests routinely to monitor your body's response to the medicine.

For patients who forget to consume methisoprinol, it is recommended to consume it immediately if the next consumption schedule is not too close. If it's close, ignore it and don't double the dose.

Store methisoprinol in its packaging in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight. Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

Interactions of Methisoprinol with Other Drugs

Methisoprinol can cause a drug interaction effect in the form of an increase in the concentration of   zidovudine if these two drugs are used together.

To prevent drug interactions, before undergoing treatment with methisoprinol, always tell your doctor about the drugs, supplements, or herbal products you are consuming.

Side Effects and Dangers of Methisoprinol

One of the side effects of using methisoprinol is an increase in the level of uric acid in the blood. Perform routine examinations to monitor uric acid levels and assess the progress of therapy.

Other side effects that can arise after consuming methisoprinol are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Turn
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomachache
  • Headache
  • Insomnia

Check with your doctor if the above side effects do not improve or get worse. Immediately see a doctor if after using methisoprinol you experience a drug allergic reaction that can be characterized by swelling of the lips and eyelids, an itchy rash, or difficulty breathing.

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