Moexipril is a drug to treat hypertension. With controlled blood pressure, the risk of complications from hypertension, such as stroke, heart attack, heart failure, or kidney failure, can be reduced.
Moexipril belongs to the class of ACE inhibitor drugs . This drug works by blocking substances in the body that cause blood vessels to narrow. That way, blood vessels will be more relaxed so that blood can flow more smoothly and blood pressure will decrease.
Moexipril trademark: -
What is Moexipril
|Moexipril for pregnant and lactating women||Category D: There is positive evidence of a risk to the human fetus, but the benefits may outweigh the risks, for example in dealing with a life-threatening situation. It is not known whether moexipril is absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without consulting your doctor first.|
Precautions Before Taking Moexipril
Before taking this drug, you need to pay attention to the following things:
- Tell your doctor about any history of allergies you have. Moexipril should not be given to patients who are allergic to it or to other ACE inhibitors , such as ramipril .
- Tell your doctor if you have had or currently have angioedema , high levels of potassium in the blood ( hyperkalemia ), kidney disease, heart failure , diabetes, or any connective tissue disease, including Marfan syndrome , or scleroderma .
- Tell your doctor if you are having dialysis procedures or are on a low salt diet .
- Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, herbal products, or supplements, including potassium supplements .
- Do not drive a vehicle or do activities that require alertness while on treatment with moexipril, because this drug can cause dizziness .
- If you are going to have surgery or certain medical procedures, let them know that you are taking moexipril.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy. Use effective contraception while taking moexipril.
- Immediately see a doctor if you have an allergic drug reaction , serious side effects, or an overdose after taking moexipril.
Dosage and Rules for Use Moexipril
The dose of moexipril will be determined by the doctor according to the age and condition of the patient. In general, the following is the dose of moexipril to treat hypertension based on the patient's age:
- Adult: 7.5 mg, once a day. The first dose is given at bedtime to avoid a drastic drop in blood pressure. Maintenance dose 7.5–30 mg per day divided into 2 doses. If used with diuretic drugs, the dose of moexipril is 3.75 mg, once a day.
- Elderly: 3.75 mg, 1 time a day.
How to Take Moexipril Correctly
Follow the doctor 's recommendations and read the information printed on the drug packaging before taking moexipril. Do not reduce or increase your dose without consulting your doctor first.
Moexipril should be taken on an empty stomach, for example 1 hour before or 2 hours after eating. Try to take moexipril at the same time every day for maximum treatment effect.
Keep taking this medicine even if you feel well. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
If you forget to take moexipril, it is advisable to drink it immediately if the break with the next consumption schedule is not too close. If it's close, ignore it and don't double the dose.
While undergoing treatment with moexipril, follow the control schedule given by the doctor, so that the condition and response to therapy can be monitored.
While taking moexipril, to help control blood pressure, people with hypertension should adopt a healthy lifestyle, such as by limiting consumption of foods high in salt, exercising regularly, not smoking, or limiting consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Store moexipril in a dry place and avoid exposure to direct sunlight. Keep this drug out of reach of children.
Interactions of Moexipril with Other Drugs
The following are some of the effects of drug interactions that can occur when moexipril is used with other drugs:
- Increased risk of developing hypotension , hyperkalemia, and renal failure when used with aliskiren or ARB class antihypertensive drugs, such as valsartan or irbesartan
- Increased risk of developing hyperkalemia when used with potassium-sparing diuretics or potassium supplements
- Increased levels and toxic effects (poison) of lithium
- Increased risk of kidney damage when used with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs )
- Increased risk of nitritoid reactions in the form of facial flushing, nausea, vomiting, and low blood pressure when used with gold-based drugs, such as sodium aurothiomalate
Side Effects and Dangers of Moexipril
Some of the side effects that can occur after consuming moexipril are:
- Dizziness or headache
- Dry cough
- Unusual tiredness
- Muscle ache
Consult your doctor if the side effects above do not go away or get worse. Immediately see a doctor if you experience an allergic drug reaction or more serious side effects, such as:
- Swelling of the face, eyes, lips, tongue, arms or legs
- Infrequent urination or very little urine
- Blurred vision, severe dizziness, fainting
- Impaired liver function, which can be characterized by symptoms such as jaundice , severe abdominal pain, dark urine
- High levels of potassium in the blood (hyperkalemia), which may be characterized by muscle weakness, irregular heartbeat , or chest pain