MR vaccine

MR vaccine

MR vaccine or Measles and Rubella vaccine is a vaccine to prevent measles (measles) and rubella (German measles). Measles and rubella are caused by different viral infections, but both can be transmitted through air contaminated with the virus.

The MR vaccine is one of the types of vaccination that must be given to children from the age of 9 months to less than 15 years.

The MR vaccine contains an attenuated virus. MR vaccine injection will help the body recognize and form immunity (antibodies), so it can fight the virus that causes measles and rubella .

MR vaccine trademark: Measles and Rubella Vaccine

What is the MR Vaccine ?

Group Prescription drugs
Category Vaccine
Benefits Prevents rubella and measles
Used by Adults and children
MR vaccine for pregnant and lactating women Category X: Studies on experimental animals and humans have shown abnormalities to the fetus or risk to the fetus.

Medicines in this category should not be used by women who are or have the possibility of becoming pregnant.

It is not yet known whether the MR vaccine can be absorbed into breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, consult your doctor before vaccination.

Drug form Injection

Warnings Before Receiving the MR Vaccine

The MR vaccine will be given by a doctor or medical staff at a health facility. Consider the following before undergoing vaccination with the MR vaccine:

  • Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. The MR vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to this vaccine or the contents of the vaccine product.
  • Tell the doctor if you or your child has a fever, the vaccination will be postponed until the fever subsides and the condition improves.
  • Tell your doctor if you suffer from a weak immune system, heart failure , infectious disease, kidney failure , or blood disorders, including leukemia or anemia .
  • Tell your doctor if you are undergoing radiotherapy or treatment with immunosuppressant drugs , including corticosteroids .
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant. The MR vaccine can increase the risk of birth defects in babies if given to pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy.
  • Tell the doctor if you will undergo a Mantoux test within 4-6 weeks after being vaccinated with the MR vaccine.
  • Tell your doctor if you plan to undergo a blood transfusion or therapy with immunoglobulin.
  • See a doctor immediately if an allergic drug reaction , serious side effect, or overdose occurs after using the MR vaccine.

MR Vaccine Dose and Schedule

MR vaccine is one of the mandatory vaccinations for children. According to the immunization recommendations issued by the IDAI (Indonesian Association of Pediatricians), the MR vaccine injection schedule can be done from the age of 9 months to less than 15 years.

This vaccine can also be given to adults who have not been vaccinated with the MR vaccine. Children who get the first dose of MR vaccine when they are 9 months old will get the second dose when they are 18 months old, and will get the third dose when they are around 6 years old.

To prevent measles and rubella, the MR vaccine dose for children and adults is 0.5 ml. Medicines are given by injection into the skin (subcutaneous injection) or injection into the muscle (intramuscular injection).

Method of Administering the MR Vaccine

The MR vaccine will be given by a doctor or medical staff under the supervision of a doctor. The injection is done in the upper arm.

After receiving the MR vaccine, the child or person being vaccinated must wait for 30 minutes at the vaccination service. This was done to anticipate post-immunization follow-up events (KIPI).

KIPI are all complaints or medical conditions that may be related to vaccination, including allergic reactions to vaccine contents and vaccine side effects.

The storage of MR vaccine is done by the vaccine officer according to standard operational procedures. Vaccines and vaccine diluents should be stored in a refrigerator at 2–8° C and away from direct sunlight.

MR Vaccine Interactions with Other Drugs

The risk of infection or decreased effectiveness of the MR vaccine can increase if this vaccine is given together with drugs that have an immunosuppressive effect, such as hydrocortisone , infliximab, nilotinib , or omacetaxine.

To prevent unwanted drug interaction effects, make sure to consult a doctor first before you or your child is given the MR vaccine, especially if you are undergoing therapy or taking any drugs or supplements.

MR Vaccine Side Effects and Dangers

The MR vaccine is safe and rarely causes dangerous side effects. However, some people may experience complaints, such as fever , rash, swelling, or pain in the injection area. Generally, these complaints will subside on their own.

If the complaint does not improve or worsens, check with a doctor. In addition, you should also see a doctor immediately if you experience a drug allergic reaction that can be marked by swelling of the lips or eyelids, an itchy and widespread rash, or difficulty breathing.

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