Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that grow on a woman's ovaries. These cysts usually appear during the fertile period or during a woman's menstruation.
Women have two ovaries (ovaries), one on the right and one on the left of the uterus. The ovary, which is the size of a walnut, is part of the female reproductive system .
The ovaries function to produce egg cells every month from puberty to menopause, and produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. In some cases, ovarian function can be disrupted, among others, caused by cysts.
Ovarian Cyst Causes and Symptoms
The formation of ovarian cysts depends on various factors, including those related to the menstrual cycle or abnormal cell growth. Although ovarian cysts are usually benign, in some cases, ovarian cysts can become malignant .
Most ovarian cysts are small and cause no symptoms. These cysts usually go away on their own without treatment.
New cysts cause problems if they don't go away or even get bigger. In this condition, sufferers can feel pelvic pain or flatulence.
Serious conditions can also occur if the cyst ruptures or twists the ovarian tissue, requiring immediate treatment. In certain cases, ovarian cysts can also affect female fertility .
Treatment of Ovarian Cysts
The method of treating ovarian cysts is adjusted to the patient's age, as well as the type and size of the cyst. The doctor may only carry out routine monitoring if the cyst is still small and does not cause symptoms. However, if the cyst is enlarged, surgical removal of the cyst can be performed.
It is difficult to prevent cysts from forming. However, regular pelvic examinations can monitor if there are changes in the ovaries. Examination also needs to be done if menstruation occurs outside the habit.