Singapore flu

Singapore flu

Singapore flu is a viral infectious disease that causes canker sores in the mouth and blisters on the skin. In medical terms, this condition is called hand, foot, and mouth disease .

Singapore flu or hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a disease that is easily contagious and often attacks children aged 5-10 years. Although more often attacking children, the Singapore flu can also attack adults.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is different from foot and mouth disease . Foot and mouth disease is a disease in animals that is not contagious to humans.

In addition, although caused by the same group of viruses, Singapore flu is different from herpangina . In herpangina, there is no rash on the hands and feet. In addition, the rash in Singapore flu is also often compared to chicken pox , but the rash in chicken pox is usually more widespread throughout the body.

Causes and Risk Factors of the Singapore Flu

Singapore flu is caused by infection with Coxsackievirus A16 and Coxsackievirus A6 , which are types of viruses that belong to the Enterovirus group . In some cases, other types of Enterovirus such as Enterovirus 71 can also cause Singapore flu.

The virus that causes Singapore flu lives in nasal and throat fluids, saliva, feces, and fluid from blisters on the skin. Therefore, a person can contract this disease through the following various ways:

  • Sharing eating or drinking utensils with the sufferer
  • Accidentally inhaling saliva splashes when the sufferer sneezes or coughs
  • Touching the eyes, nose, or mouth without washing hands first after touching the patient's feces (for example when changing a baby's diaper)
  • Touching things contaminated with the virus, then touching the eyes, nose, or putting fingers in the mouth without washing hands first

Singapore flu can attack anyone, but it is more common in children under 10 years old, especially children who are often left in childcare facilities.

Singapore Flu Symptoms

The initial symptoms of Singapore flu can appear 3-6 days after a person is infected with the virus. Generally, sufferers will experience fever or sore throat, then 1-2 days after that, thrush, rash, and blisters will appear.

Singapore flu sufferers may experience some or all of the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Canker sores that feel painful on the tongue, gums, and the inside of the cheek
  • Loss of appetite
  • A red rash that doesn't itch, sometimes accompanied by blisters on the palms, soles, and buttocks
  • Fussy
  • Stomach pain
  • Cough

When should you go to the doctor?

Do a doctor 's examination if you or your child experiences the above symptoms, especially if there was previous contact with someone who showed the symptoms.

The examination should also be done immediately if you experience thrush that makes it difficult to eat and drink, trigger severe dehydration, or if other complaints are felt to be getting worse.

Singapore Flu Diagnosis

The doctor will ask questions and answers about the patient's symptoms, history of activities and the patient's previous journey, accompanied by a physical examination. During the physical examination, the doctor will see the pattern and spread of the rash and canker sores.

In some conditions, the doctor can perform further examinations to confirm the diagnosis. Some of these inspections include:

  • Blood test
  • Stool test
  • Rub test

Singapore Flu Treatment

In most cases, Singapore flu does not require specific treatment as the symptoms will subside after 7-10 days. However, to alleviate complaints and speed up recovery, the doctor will prescribe a number of the following drugs:

  • Paracetamol or ibuprofen, to relieve fever and reduce pain
  • Skin ointment, to reduce complaints on the skin, including rashes, blisters, and itching on the skin
  • Lozenges, to reduce sore throat

Patients are also advised to drink ice water or eat ice cream to help reduce inflammation, as well as drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration.

Complications of the Singapore Flu

As explained above, Singapore flu usually clears up on its own within a few days. However, in rare cases, Singapore flu can cause some of the following complications:

  • Dehydration due to canker sores that make it difficult for sufferers to drink
  • Encephalitis
  • Meningitis
  • Myocarditis
  • Paralysis or paralysis

Singapore Flu Prevention

Singapore flu can be prevented by maintaining personal hygiene and things around that can be a medium for the transmission of this disease. Some of the ways that can be done and taught to you and your children to prevent the Singapore flu are:

  • Routinely wash your hands with running water and soap, especially after having a bowel movement, changing your child's diaper, preparing food, and before eating
  • Do not share eating and drinking utensils, as well as close contact with someone who is sick
  • Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing, either by using a tissue or using the inside of your elbow
  • Routinely clean things that can be a medium of virus transmission such as door handles, tables, and TV remotes, properly
  • Rest at home when experiencing Singapore flu symptoms, until the condition completely recovers
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