Stroke is a condition when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted due to a blockage (ischemic stroke) or rupture of a blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke). This condition causes certain areas of the brain to be deprived of the supply of oxygen and nutrients resulting in the death of brain cells.
Stroke is a medical emergency , because without the supply of oxygen and nutrients, cells in the affected part of the brain can die in just minutes. As a result, the part of the body controlled by this brain area cannot function properly.
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Symptoms and Causes of Stroke
Stroke symptoms generally occur in the part of the body that is controlled by the area of the brain that is damaged. Symptoms experienced by stroke sufferers can include:
- Weakness in the facial muscles that makes one side of the face droop
- Difficulty lifting both arms due to numbness or numbness
- Difficulty speaking
- pins and needles
- Difficulty recognizing faces ( prosopagnosia )
The causes of stroke are generally divided into two, namely the presence of a blood clot in a blood vessel in the brain and rupture of a blood vessel in the brain .
Narrowing or rupture of these blood vessels can occur due to several factors, such as high blood pressure, use of blood thinners , brain aneurysms , and brain trauma.
Stroke Treatment and Prevention
Stroke treatment depends on the type of stroke the patient is experiencing. Actions that can be taken can be in the form of administering drugs or surgery. In addition, to support the recovery process, sufferers will be advised to undergo physiotherapy and psychological therapy.
In general, stroke prevention is almost the same as preventing heart disease, namely by adopting a healthy lifestyle, such as:
- Maintain blood pressure to remain normal
- Do not smoke and do not consume alcoholic beverages
- Maintain an ideal weight
- Exercise regularly
- Undergo routine checks for medical conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension