Typhus Vaccine

Typhus Vaccine

Typhoid vaccine or typhoid vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent typhus or typhoid fever. The typhus vaccine is included in the selected immunization types recommended by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia.

Typhus vaccine is available in the form of an injection made from dead Salmonella typhii bacteria. This vaccine works by triggering the immune system to form antibodies that can fight the typhus-causing bacteria. In addition to injection form, the typhoid vaccine is also available in capsule form.

Typhoid vaccine can be given to children aged at least 2 years and also adults who are at high risk of developing typhus, such as people who live or will travel to typhoid fever endemic areas.

Typhus vaccine trademarks: Typherix, Typhim Vi, Vivaxim

What is Typhus Vaccine

class Prescription drug
Category Vaccine
Benefit Prevent typhus
Used by Adults and children ≥2 years of age
Typhus vaccine for pregnant and lactating women  Category C:  Studies in animal studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus, but there have been no controlled studies in pregnant women. The drug should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus.

It is not yet known whether the typhus vaccine can be absorbed into breast milk or not. Breastfeeding mothers are advised to consult a doctor before using this vaccine.

Drug form Inject

Warning Before Receiving Typhus Vaccine

Typhus vaccine should not be used carelessly. There are several things that you should pay attention to before getting vaccinated with the typhoid vaccine, namely:

  • Tell your doctor about any history of allergies you have. Typhoid vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to any of the ingredients in this vaccine.
  • Tell your doctor if you have a fever, have an infectious disease , or a blood clotting disorder, such as hemophilia .
  • Tell your doctor if you have a weakened immune system due to HIV , long-term use of corticosteroid drugs , or chemotherapy .
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking  antibiotics or antimalarial drugs.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products.
  • Immediately see a doctor if an allergic reaction occurs after using the typhoid vaccine.

Typhus Vaccine Dosage and Schedule

In accordance with the immunization schedule issued by the Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI), injection of the typhoid vaccine can be done from children aged 2 years and needs to be repeated every three years until the child is 18 years old.

For those who will be traveling to areas prone to typhus, the vaccine will be injected 2 weeks before the trip.

For adults and children over 2 years of age, the dose of typhoid vaccine is 0.5 ml as a single dose, injected into the muscle (intramuscular/IM) or under the skin (subcutaneously/SC). Dosage can be repeated every 3 years, especially for patients who are at high risk of developing typhus.

How to Give Typhus Vaccine

Typhus vaccine is injected into the muscle (intramuscular/IM) or under the skin (subcutaneous/SC). This vaccine injection will be carried out by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor at a designated health facility for vaccination services.

Typhus vaccine injections can be done starting from children aged 2 years and need to be repeated every three years. For people who will be traveling to areas prone to typhus, it is recommended to get the vaccine 2 weeks before the trip.

Typhus Vaccine Interaction with Other Drugs

If used with immunosuppressant drugs , the effectiveness of the typhus vaccine may be reduced. In addition, the use of typhoid vaccine with anticoagulants can increase the risk of bleeding.

To be safe, always tell your doctor about any medications, supplements or herbal products you are currently taking, before getting vaccinated.

Typhus Vaccine Side Effects and Dangers

The following are some of the side effects that may arise after using the typhoid vaccine:

  • Pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site
  • Headache
  • Abdominal pain or diarrhea
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fever
  • Muscle or joint pain

Check with your doctor if the side effects mentioned above don't go away or get worse. Immediately go to the doctor if you experience an allergic reaction after receiving the typhoid vaccine.

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