Swelling of the lymph nodes is a condition when the lymph nodes are enlarged. This condition occurs as a reaction to the large number of immune cells produced to fight harmful foreign substances. Swollen lymph nodes are not a disease, but a symptom of a disease.
Lymph nodes are part of the body's immune system. This gland is the size of a pea and contains white blood cells. Its function is to trap and kill bacteria, viruses, and other harmful substances that enter the body.
Lymph nodes are spread in many parts of the body, including:
- Behind the ears
- The back of the head
Causes and Symptoms of Swollen Glands
The causes of swollen lymph nodes vary, including:
- Infection, for example due to Streptococcus , measles, tuberculosis, mononucleosis, syphilis, or tooth abscess
- Autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus
- Cancer, such as lymphoma or leukemia
Swollen lymph nodes are characterized by enlargement of the lymph nodes which can be accompanied by pain. Sufferers can also experience other complaints, such as:
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
Treatment and Prevention of Swollen Glandular Gums
Treatment of lymph nodes according to the cause and condition of the patient. One of them is by giving medicines. The types of drugs given can be pain relievers, antibiotics , corticosteroids, or cancer drugs.
Swollen lymph nodes can be prevented by avoiding the causes, including:
- Wash your hands often
- Always keep your body clean
- Always keep the house and surroundings clean
- Adopt a healthy lifestyle