Vitamin E is a supplement to prevent and treat vitamin E deficiency. Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin with an antioxidant effect that is useful for preventing cell damage due to exposure to free radicals .
Naturally, vitamin E is found in many nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils. Vitamin E supplements are needed when a person cannot meet the needs of vitamin E naturally.
Vitamin E deficiency can occur in people who suffer from certain conditions, such as abetalipoproteinemia or cystic fibrosis .
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What is Vitamin E
|Benefit||Prevent and overcome vitamin E deficiency and as a supplement in cystic fibrosis conditions|
|Consumed by||Adults and children|
Vitamin E for pregnant and lactating women
Category C : It is not known whether vitamin E can harm the fetus. However, if consumed in moderate doses it is generally safe.
Consult about using vitamin E supplements if you are pregnant.
Vitamin E supplements can be absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this supplement without consulting your doctor first.
|Drug form||Tablets and capsules|
Warning Before Consuming Vitamin E
There are several things that you should pay attention to before taking vitamin E supplements, including:
- Do not take vitamin E supplements if you are allergic to this drug.
- Consult your doctor about using vitamin E supplements if you have diabetes , vitamin K deficiency, retinitis pigmentosa , or a blood disorder , including anemia , blood clotting disorder, or haemophilia .
- Talk to your doctor about using vitamin E supplements if you have ever had liver disease, kidney disease, or stroke .
- Consult your doctor if you plan to take vitamin E with other medications, supplements, or herbal products.
- Consult your doctor about using vitamin E if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
- Consult with your doctor regarding the use and discontinuation of consumption of vitamin E if you are going to undergo certain medical procedures or surgeries.
- Immediately see a doctor if an allergic reaction or overdose occurs after taking supplements containing vitamin E.
Dosage and Rules for Use of Vitamin E
The dosage and duration of using vitamin E will be determined by the doctor according to the patient's condition, the type of vitamin E preparation, and the patient's age. Vitamin E supplements can be available in the form of d-α-tocopherol or dl-α-tocopheryl acetate. In general, the following is the dosage of vitamin E supplements based on their intended use:
Purpose: Overcome vitamin E deficiency
- Adult: 40–50 mg per day.
- Infants <1 month: 10 mg/kg, once a day.
- Children aged ≥1 month to 18 years : 2–10 mg/kg per day.
Purpose: To treat abetalipoproteinemia
- Adult: 50–100 mg per day.
- Infants <1 month old: 100 mg/kg, once a day.
- Children aged ≥1 month to 18 years : 50–100 mg/kg, once daily.
Purpose: As a supplement in the treatment of cystic fibrosis
- Adult: 100–200 mg per day.
- Children aged 1 month to 1 year: 50 mg, once a day.
- Children 1–12 years: 100 mg once daily.
- Children 12–18 years: 200 mg once daily.
Vitamin E Adequacy Figures
The daily nutritional adequacy rate (RDA) of vitamin E varies based on the age, sex and health condition of each person. The following is the AKG of vitamin E per day in general:
- Age 0–5 months: 4 mcg
- Ages 6–11 months: 5 mcg
- Ages 1–3 years: 6 mcg
- Ages 4–6 years: 7 mcg
- Ages 7–9 years: 8 mcg
- Boys 10–12 years: 11 mcg
- Males ≥13 years of age: 15 mcg
- Women ages 10–64: 15 mcg
- Women ≥65 years of age: 20 mcg
- Pregnant women: 19 mcg
- Nursing mothers: 19 mcg
How to Take Vitamin E Properly
Before taking any supplements, always read the usage instructions listed on the product packaging. If you are unsure or have special health conditions, discuss with your doctor about the dosage, product choices, and how to use it according to your condition.
Keep in mind that vitamin and mineral supplements are consumed to meet the body's need for vitamins and minerals, especially when the intake of vitamins and minerals from food alone is insufficient.
This supplement should be taken with meals. Absorption of vitamin E by the body will be better if consumed with food.
Store vitamin E in a place that avoids direct sunlight. Keep supplements out of reach of children.
Interactions of Vitamin E with Other Drugs
The following are a number of interactions that can occur if vitamin E supplements are taken with other drugs:
- Increased risk of bleeding if taken with blood thinners, such as warfarin
- Decreased absorption of vitamin E when taken with cholestyramine , colestipol, or orlistat
- Decreased effectiveness of iron , ketoconazole, or vitamin B3 supplements
Side Effects and Dangers of Vitamin E
Vitamin E rarely causes side effects especially when taken in the right dosage. However, if consumed in excess, vitamin E can cause side effects such as nausea , diarrhea, dizziness , stomach pain, unusual fatigue, or blurred vision.